José P. Palao

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Quantum computation is based on implementing selected unitary transformations representing algorithms. A generalized optimal control theory is used to find the driving field that generates a prespecified unitary transformation. The approach is independent of the physical implementation of the quantum computer and it is illustrated for one and two qubit(More)
An implementation of quantum absorption chillers with three qubits has been recently proposed that is ideally able to reach the Carnot performance regime. Here we study the working efficiency of such self-contained refrigerators, adopting a consistent treatment of dissipation effects. We demonstrate that the coefficient of performance at maximum cooling(More)
The quantum-mechanical and thermodynamic properties of a three-level molecular cooling cycle are derived. An inadequacy of earlier models is rectified in accounting for the spontaneous emission and absorption associated with the coupling to the coherent driving field via an environmental reservoir. This additional coupling need not be dissipative, and can(More)
The direction of the steady-state heat currents across a generic quantum system connected to multiple baths may be engineered to realize virtually any thermodynamic cycle. In spite of their versatility, such continuous energy-conversion systems are generally unable to operate at maximum efficiency due to non-negligible sources of irreversible entropy(More)
Thermodynamics is a branch of science blessed by an unparalleled combination of generality of scope and formal simplicity. Based on few natural assumptions together with the four laws, it sets the boundaries between possible and impossible in macroscopic aggregates of matter. This triggered groundbreaking achievements in physics, chemistry and engineering(More)
The derivation of general performance benchmarks is important in the design of highly optimized heat engines and refrigerators. To obtain them, one may model phenomenologically the leading sources of irreversibility ending up with results that are model independent, but limited in scope. Alternatively, one can take a simple physical system realizing a(More)
A phenomenological model for a measurement of " barrier traversal times " for particles is proposed. Two idealized detectors for passage and arrival provide entrance and exit times for the barrier traversal. The averaged traversal time is computed over the ensemble of particles detected twice, before and after the barrier. The " Hartman effect " can still(More)
A general quantum thermodynamics network is composed of thermal devices connected to environments through quantum wires. The coupling between the devices and the wires may introduce additional decay channels which modify the system performance with respect to the directly-coupled device. We analyze this effect in a quantum three-level device connected to a(More)
Energy transfer between vibrational, rotational, and translational degrees of freedom of a molecule during a collision process is enhanced when the classical frequencies associated with the initial state are in the proximity of nonlinear resonance conditions. We present an analysis of the classical resonant effects in the collisions of light diatoms with(More)
We analyze the response of a classical system with N>or=2 internal degrees of freedom satisfying R<or=(N-1) approximated resonance conditions to an external perturbative transient interaction. Under certain assumptions on the system internal frequencies and on the coupling interaction, we show the precise N-R adiabatic invariants and obtain an estimate of(More)