Learn More
Two isoflavonoids isolated from clover roots grown under phosphate stress were characterized as formononetin (7-hydroxy,4'-methoxy isoflavone) and biochanin A (5,7-dihydroxy,4'-methoxy isoflavone). At 5 ppm, these compounds stimulated hyphal growth in vitro and root colonization of an undescribed vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhiza, a Glomus sp. (INVAM-112).(More)
Imazaquin, imazethapyr and pendimethalin showed high toxicity to sorghum plants grown in a greenhouse soil mix. However, mycorrhizal sorghum plants were less affected by herbicide toxicity than non-mycorrhizal ones, at low to moderate herbicide concentrations. VAM herbicide safening effects were more evident on imazaquin-treated plants, than for those(More)
The effects of the application of 0.25 or 1.0 mM p-coumaric acid, p-hydroxybenzoic acid, or quercetin on growth and colonization of clover (Trifolium repens L. cv. Ladino) and sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.) roots by the arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungus Glomus intraradices Schenck and Smith were studied. In general, soil application of these compounds at(More)
Arbuscular mycorrhiza (AM) associations are of great importance in forest ecology and land rehabilitation in the tropics, but information on AM susceptibility, host dependence, and host responsiveness to the fungi is scarce. The present study was carried out under greenhouse conditions in a low-fertility soil with 29 woody species. There were very large(More)
The effect of soil acidity on spore germination, germ tube growth and root colonization of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal (VAM) fungi was examined using a Florida Ultisol. Soil samples were treated with 0, 4, 8 and 12 meq Ca/MgCO3/100 g soil and each lime level received 0, 240, and 720 ppm P as superphosphate. Corn (Zea mays L.) was planted in the soil(More)
In this paper, the effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi and phosphate amendments on protection of the tropical grass Brachiaria decumbens Stapf. against metal toxicity caused by Zn, Cd, Cu, and Pb were studied in a sterilized soil. Plants inoculated with a mixture of AM fungi (Acaulospora morrowiae, Gigaspora albida, and Glomus clarum) isolated from(More)
This work aimed to evaluate density of associative diazotrophic bacteria populations in soil and grass root samples from heavy metal contaminated sites, and to characterize isolates from these populations, both, phenotypically (Zinc, Cadmium and NaCl tolerance in vitro, and protein profiles) and genotypically (16S rDNA sequencing), as compared to type(More)
Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) were surveyed for species richness and abundance in sporulation in six distinct land uses in the western Amazon region of Brazil. Areas included mature pristine forest and sites converted to pasture, crops, agroforestry, young and old secondary forest. A total of 61 AMF morphotypes were recovered and 30% of them could not(More)
Sweet potatoes were micropropagated and then transplanted from axnic conditions to fumigated soil in pots in the greenhouse. Spores of Glomus clarum were obtained from Brachiaria decumbens or from sweet potatoes grown in soil infected with this fungus and with an enrichment culture of Acetobacter diazotrophicus. Three experiments were carried out to measure(More)
The aim of this work was to evaluate the occurrence of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) species diversity in soil samples from the Amazon region under distinct land use systems (Forest, Old Secondary Forest, Young Secondary Forest, Agroforestry systems, Crops and Pasture) using two distinct trap cultures. Traps established using Sorghum sudanense and(More)