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In nature, cellulose, lignocellulose and lignin are major sources of plant biomass; therefore, their recycling is indispensable for the carbon cycle. Each polymer is degraded by a variety of microorganisms which produce a battery of enzymes that work synergically. In the near future, processes that use lignocellulolytic enzymes or are based on(More)
PCR reactions were carried out on the genomic DNA of M. xanthus, a soil bacterium capable of differentiation to form fruiting bodies, using oligonucleotides representing highly conserved regions of eukaryotic protein serine/threonine kinases. A gene (pkn1) thus cloned contains an ORF of 693 amino acid residues whose amino-terminal domain shows significant(More)
Copper induces a red pigmentation in cells of the bacterium Myxococcus xanthus when they are incubated in the dark, at suboptimal growth conditions. The colouration results from the accumulation of carotenoids, as demonstrated by chemical analysis, and by the lack of a copper effect on M. xanthus mutants affected in known structural genes for carotenoid(More)
Myxococcus xanthus is a soil bacterium that undergoes a unique life cycle among the prokaryotes upon starvation, which includes the formation of macroscopic structures, the fruiting bodies, and the differentiation of vegetative rods into coccoid myxospores. This peculiarity offers the opportunity to study the copper response in this bacterium in two(More)
The dual toxicity/essentiality of copper forces cells to maintain a tightly regulated homeostasis for this metal in all living organisms, from bacteria to humans. Consequently, many genes have previously been reported to participate in copper detoxification in bacteria. Myxococcus xanthus, a prokaryote, encodes many proteins involved in copper homeostasis(More)
We have cloned a two-component regulatory system (phoR2-phoP2) of Myxococcus xanthus while searching for genes that encode proteins with phosphatase activity, where phoR2 encodes the histidine kinase and phoP2 encodes the response regulator. A second system, phoR3-phoP3, was identified and isolated by using phoP2 as a probe. These two systems are quite(More)
AIMS To search for and study the genes involved in the regulation of phosphate in the soil developmental bacterium Myxococcus xanthus. METHODS AND RESULTS The mlpB gene encoding a 149 residue polypeptide was identified while screening for genes with products related to phosphate metabolism. The amino terminal 19 residues of MlpB encode a typical(More)
We have cloned a gene of Myxococcus xanthus with similarities to the permease for glycerol 3-phosphate (G3P) of other bacteria. Expression of the gene increased significantly during the first hours of starvation. Swarming of the wild-type strain was inhibited and aggregation was delayed by G3P. Conversely, a DeltaglpT strain aggregated even on rich medium.(More)
Phanerochaete flavido-alba is able to decolorize and detoxify olive oil wastewater (OMW) in a process in which simple and polymeric phenols are removed. An unusual acidic MnP is accumulated during the degradation course. This microorganism produces two families of MnPs. MnP1 has an apparent molecular weight of 45 kDa and is secreted as a mixture of(More)
Myxococcus xanthus, like other myxobacteria, is a social bacterium that moves and feeds cooperatively in predatory groups. On surfaces, rod-shaped vegetative cells move in search of the prey in a coordinated manner, forming dynamic multicellular groups referred to as swarms. Within the swarms, cells interact with one another and use two separate locomotion(More)