José Muñoz-Dorado

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In nature, cellulose, lignocellulose and lignin are major sources of plant biomass; therefore, their recycling is indispensable for the carbon cycle. Each polymer is degraded by a variety of microorganisms which produce a battery of enzymes that work synergically. In the near future, processes that use lignocellulolytic enzymes or are based on(More)
The genus Sorangium synthesizes approximately half of the secondary metabolites isolated from myxobacteria, including the anti-cancer metabolite epothilone. We report the complete genome sequence of the model Sorangium strain S. cellulosum So ce56, which produces several natural products and has morphological and physiological properties typical of the(More)
A newly identified extracellular laccase produced by Streptomyces ipomoea CECT 3341 (SilA) was cloned and overexpressed, and its physicochemical characteristics assessed together with its capability to decolorize and detoxify an azotype dye. Molecular analysis of the deduced sequence revealed that SilA contains a TAT-type signal peptide at the N-terminus(More)
Ser/Thr/Tyr kinases, which together comprise a major class of regulatory proteins in eukaryotes, were not believed to play an important role in prokaryotes until recently. However, our analysis of 626 prokaryotic genomes reveals that eukaryotic-like protein kinases (ELKs) are found in nearly two-thirds of the sequenced strains. We have identified 2697 ELKs,(More)
PCR reactions were carried out on the genomic DNA of M. xanthus, a soil bacterium capable of differentiation to form fruiting bodies, using oligonucleotides representing highly conserved regions of eukaryotic protein serine/threonine kinases. A gene (pkn1) thus cloned contains an ORF of 693 amino acid residues whose amino-terminal domain shows significant(More)
Myxococcus xanthus is a gram-negative bacterium which, upon starvation, undergoes a spectacular developmental cycle culminating in the formation of spore-filled fruiting bodies. We recently characterized a protein serine-threonine kinase (Pkn1) that is required for normal development (J. Munoz-Dorado, S. Inouye, and M. Inouye, Cell 67:995-1006, 1991). pkn1(More)
The X-ray crystallographic structure of nucleoside diphosphate (NDP) kinase from Myxococcus xanthus has been determined using multiple isomorphous replacement techniques and refined at 2.0 A resolution to a crystallographic R-factor of 0.17. This is the first report of the structure of an enzymatically active NDP kinase and of the enzyme with a bound(More)
A gene, pkn2, encoding a Myxococcus xanthus protein with significant similarities to eukaryotic protein serine/threonine kinases, was cloned using the polymerase chain reaction. The open reading frame for the protein, beginning with a GUG initiation codon, consists of 830 amino acids. The amino-terminal 279 residues show 37% identity to catalytic domain of(More)
The nucleoside diphosphate kinase (NDP kinase) from Myxococcus xanthus has been purified to homogeneity and crystallized (J. Munoz-Dorado, M. Inouye, and S. Inouye, J. Biol. Chem. 265:2702-2706, 1990). In the presence of ATP, the NDP kinase was autophosphorylated. Phosphoamino acid analysis was carried out after acid and base hydrolyses of phosphorylated(More)
The gene that encodes the 16-kDa GTP-binding protein from Myxococcus xanthus has been cloned, and its DNA sequence has been determined. The gene has been expressed in Escherichia coli by using the lacZ promoter, and its gene product was overproduced (Muñoz-Dorado, J., Inouye, M., and Inouye, S. (1990) J. Biol. Chem. 265, 2702-2706). The gene product thus(More)