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Performance of Dunaliella salina cultures outdoors in a closed tubular photobioreactor has been assessed. Optimization of conditions involved verification of the effect of several determining factors on the yield of both biomass and carotenoids. Maximal biomass productivity (over 2g (dry weight) m(-2) d(-1) or 80 gm(-3) d(-1)) was achieved at 38 cm s(-1),(More)
Fifteen strains of chlorophycean microalgae have been investigated with regard to their carotenoid profile. Lutein, beta-carotene and violaxanthin were present in virtually all of the strains, lutein, in general, being the most abundant carotenoid, whereas canthaxanthin and astaxanthin were found in some strains only. Chlorella fusca SAG 211-8b,(More)
The P-8 proteoglycolipid complex (P-8 PGLC), an amastigote antigen of Leishmania pifanoi, has been demonstrated to induce protection in mouse models, as well as to induce Tc1/Th1-like cellular responses in American cutaneous leishmaniasis patients. Because the immunization with P-8 PGLC in the murine model does not appear to be genetically restricted, we(More)
Global warming is projected to increase the frequency and intensity of droughts in the Mediterranean region, as well as the occurrence of large fires. Understanding the interactions between drought, fire and plant responses is therefore important. In this study, we present an experiment in which rainfall patterns were modified to simulate various levels of(More)
When grown photoautotrophically, Chlorella zofingiensis strain CCAP 211/14 accumulates a significant amount of valuable carotenoids, namely astaxanthin and lutein, of increasing demand for use as feed additives in fish and poultry farming, as colorants in food, and in health care products. Under standard batch-culture conditions, this microalgal strain(More)
Home parenteral nutrition (HPN) was introduced as a treatment modality in the early 1970s primarily for the treatment of chronic intestinal failure in patients with benign disease. The relatively low morbidity and mortality associated with HPN has encouraged its widespread use in western countries. Thus there is huge clinical experience, but there are still(More)
Time lag analysis (TLA) is a distance-based approach used to study temporal dynamics of ecological communities by measuring community dissimilarity over increasing time lags. Despite its increased use in recent years, its performance in comparison with other more direct methods (i.e., canonical ordination) has not been evaluated. This study fills this gap(More)
Optimization of conditions for outdoor production of the nitrogen-fixing cyanobacterium Anabaena sp. ATCC 33047 has been pursued. In open ponds operated under semi-continuous regime biomass productivity values achieved ranged from 9 g (dry weight) m(-2) per day, in winter, to over 20 g m(-2) per day, in summer, provided that key operation parameters,(More)
BACKGROUND There is increasing evidence that the built environment has an influence on physical activity; however, little is known about this relationship in developing countries. PURPOSE This study examined the associations between attributes of the built environment and walking patterns among the elderly. METHODS A multilevel cross-sectional study was(More)
Seventeen samples of Rhodnius, representing at least eight different species according to their morphological characteristics, were submitted to multilocus isoenzyme electrophoresis, revealing 17 different loci. A phenetic analysis of the enzyme data not only clustered the species in accordance with their geographical origin but also revealed interspecific(More)