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We describe a severe form of congenital myasthenic syndrome (CMS) caused by two heteroallelic mutations: a nonsense and a missense mutation in the gene encoding agrin (AGRN). The identified mutations, Q353X and V1727F, are located at the N-terminal and at the second laminin G-like (LG2) domain of agrin, respectively. A motor-point muscle biopsy demonstrated(More)
McArdle's disease is the most common muscle glycogenosis. It is caused by the deficiency of myophosphorylase, encoded by the PYGM gene. We studied 123 patients previously diagnosed with McArdle's disease and we identified 20 novel mutations (10 missense and 3 nonsense mutations, 3 small deletions, 2 gross deletions and 2 small insertions). Most patients of(More)
BACKGROUND Fourteen genetically distinct forms of limb-girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD) have been identified, including five types of autosomal dominant LGMD (AD-LGMD). OBJECTIVE To describe clinical, histologic, and genetic features of a large Spanish kindred with LGMD and apparent autosomal dominant inheritance spanning five generations. METHOD The(More)
This study aimed to identify the genetic defect in a multigenerational family presenting an autosomal dominant myopathy with histological features of congenital fiber type disproportion. Linkage analysis and genetic sequencing identified, in all affected members of the family, the c.5807A>G heterozygous mutation in MYH7, which encodes the slow/β-cardiac(More)
BACKGROUND Spinal muscular atrophy with respiratory distress type 1 (SMARD1) is a clinically and genetically distinct and uncommon variant of SMA that results from irreversible degeneration of α-motor neurons in the anterior horns of the spinal cord and in ganglion cells on the spinal root ganglia. AIMS To describe the clinical, electrophysiological,(More)
Thorough non-invasive cardiovascular studies were conducted in a series of ten gamma-sarcoglycanopathy Gypsy patients with the founder C283Y mutation in 13q12. Results were compared with those obtained in an age-matched group of normal boys and girls. The studies included electrocardiographic and echocardiographic evaluations using pulsed wave Doppler(More)
Hirano bodies constitute eosinophilic intracytoplasmic inclusions, typically seen in the central nervous system, where they are related to senility and certain dementias such as Alzheimer's disease or the Parkinson-dementia complex. They have been found in different tissues of experimental animals and, on rare occasions, in extraocular muscles of elderly(More)
We treated a 28-year-old woman who had metachromatic leukodystrophy with bone marrow transplantation. Leukocyte arylsulfatase A levels increased to the donor's range after successful graft. Motor and sensory nerve conduction values did not change significantly in the 4 years after the transplant, and subcortical white matter lesions, as shown on MRI,(More)
We report on 54 Spanish patients with McArdle's disease from 40 unrelated families. Molecular analysis revealed that the most common R49X mutation was present in 70% of patients and 55% of alleles. The G204S mutation was less frequent and found in 14.8% of patients and 9% of mutant alleles. The W797R mutation was observed in 16.5% of patients, accounting(More)