José Moniz-Pereira

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Pathogenic mycobacteria such as Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium avium facilitate disease by surviving intracellularly within a potentially hostile environment: the macrophage phagosome. They inhibit phagosome maturation processes, including fusion with lysosomes, acidification and, as shown here, membrane actin assembly. An in vitro assay(More)
Cell surface receptors exploited by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) for infection are major determinants of tropism. HIV-1 usually requires two receptors to infect cells. Gp120 on HIV-1 virions binds CD4 on the cell surface, triggering conformational rearrangements that create or expose a binding site for a(More)
Bacteriophages have developed multiple host cell lysis strategies to promote release of descendant virions from infected bacteria. This review is focused on the lysis mechanisms employed by tailed double-stranded DNA bacteriophages, where new developments have recently emerged. These phages seem to use a least common denominator to induce lysis, the(More)
SETTING Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) mainly among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) seropositive patients in Lisbon hospitals in 1996-1997. OBJECTIVE Detection of transmission of MDR-TB strains and epidemic outbreaks in several hospital units in the city of Lisbon, including a prison hospital. DESIGN Use of restriction fragment length(More)
We have determined the complete nucleotide sequence of pAL5000, a plasmid from Mycobacterium fortuitum; the plasmid contains 4837 bp with 65% G + C. Five open reading frames (ORF1 to ORF5) have been identified. A number of sequences corresponding to palindromes, repeats, a helix-turn-helix motif, a signal sequence and repetitive amino acid motifs can be(More)
We have previously shown the existence of primary human immunodeficiency virus type 2 isolates (MIC97 and MJC97) unable to use major coreceptors to entry into peripheral blood mononuclear cells, including CCR5 and CXCR4. We have now created a set of chimeric viruses derived from HIV-2(ROD), to study the contribution of env gene products in chemokine(More)
Like most double-stranded (ds) DNA phages, mycobacteriophage Ms6 uses the holin-endolysin system to achieve lysis of its host. In addition to endolysin (lysA) and holin (hol) genes, Ms6 encodes three accessory lysis proteins. In this study we investigated the lysis function of Gp1, which is encoded by the gp1 gene that lies immediately upstream of lysA.(More)
Genetic determinants of the temperate mycobacteriophage Ms6 required for chromosomal integration were identified. DNA sequence analysis of an attP-containing fragment revealed an ORF encoding a protein of 372 amino acid residues with a C-terminus similar to other conserved C-terminal regions typical of the phage integrase family. Comparison of the sequences(More)
We recently developed a specific single-chain antibody from immunized rabbits to HIV-1 Vif protein that was expressed intracellularly and inhibited reverse transcription and viral replication. The Vif of HIV-1 overcomes the innate antiviral activity of a cytidine deaminase Apobec3G (CEM15) that induces G to A hypermutation in the viral genome, resulting in(More)
In vivo, human immunodeficiency virus type 2 (HIV-2) infection reveals several unique characteristics when compared to HIV-1 infection, the most remarkable of which is the extraordinarily long asymptomatic period. Here we describe two HIV-2 primary isolates, obtained from asymptomatic individuals, which do not infect any coreceptor-expressing cell lines(More)