Learn More
Bacteriophages have developed multiple host cell lysis strategies to promote release of descendant virions from infected bacteria. This review is focused on the lysis mechanisms employed by tailed double-stranded DNA bacteriophages, where new developments have recently emerged. These phages seem to use a least common denominator to induce lysis, the(More)
Cell surface receptors exploited by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) for infection are major determinants of tropism. HIV-1 usually requires two receptors to infect cells. Gp120 on HIV-1 virions binds CD4 on the cell surface, triggering conformational rearrangements that create or expose a binding site for a(More)
Like most double-stranded (ds) DNA phages, mycobacteriophage Ms6 uses the holin-endolysin system to achieve lysis of its host. In addition to endolysin (lysA) and holin (hol) genes, Ms6 encodes three accessory lysis proteins. In this study we investigated the lysis function of Gp1, which is encoded by the gp1 gene that lies immediately upstream of lysA.(More)
The minimal inhibitory concentrations of antituberculosis and antileprosy drugs were determined for Mycobacterium aurum. The concentrations that reduced the final yield of bacteriophage D29R1 by 50% and the time during the replication cycle at which the drugs completely inhibited phage production were estimated. THe 50% inhibitory concentration/minimal(More)
Pathogenic mycobacteria such as Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium avium facilitate disease by surviving intracellularly within a potentially hostile environment: the macrophage phagosome. They inhibit phagosome maturation processes, including fusion with lysosomes, acidification and, as shown here, membrane actin assembly. An in vitro assay(More)
In vivo, human immunodeficiency virus type 2 (HIV-2) infection reveals several unique characteristics when compared to HIV-1 infection, the most remarkable of which is the extraordinarily long asymptomatic period. Here we describe two HIV-2 primary isolates, obtained from asymptomatic individuals, which do not infect any coreceptor-expressing cell lines(More)
We have determined the complete nucleotide sequence of pAL5000, a plasmid from Mycobacterium fortuitum; the plasmid contains 4837 bp with 65% G + C. Five open reading frames (ORF1 to ORF5) have been identified. A number of sequences corresponding to palindromes, repeats, a helix-turn-helix motif, a signal sequence and repetitive amino acid motifs can be(More)
The rpoB gene mutations in a 69-bp region of the gene, resulting in resistance to rifampin, were used to discriminate between Mycobacterium tuberculosis IS6110 fingerprint subclusters. These subclusters exhibited identical IS6110 fragments or had one or two additional fragments. In the two major subclusters all the analyzed strains have the same variant(More)
SETTING Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) mainly among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) seropositive patients in Lisbon hospitals in 1996-1997. OBJECTIVE Detection of transmission of MDR-TB strains and epidemic outbreaks in several hospital units in the city of Lisbon, including a prison hospital. DESIGN Use of restriction fragment length(More)
The nucleotide sequences of the pncA genes within 55 multidrug-resistant pyrazinamide-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis clinical isolates were determined. Fifty-three out of the 55 isolates were pyrazinamidase (PZase) negative. Four strains contained a wild-type pncA gene, and PZase activity was undetectable in two of these strains. Seven of the 18(More)