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BACKGROUND This study compares associations between types of employment and health indicators in the Second (ES1995) and the Third European Survey on Working Conditions (ES2000) by gender, adjusting for individual and country-level confounders. METHODS Two cross-sectional surveys of a representative sample of the European Union (EU) total active(More)
Over three months of intensive training with a tactile stimulation device, 18 blind and 10 blindfolded seeing subjects improved in their ability to identify geometric figures by touch. Seven blind subjects spontaneously reported 'visual qualia', the subjective sensation of seeing flashes of light congruent with tactile stimuli. In the latter subjects(More)
OBJECTIVE The Catalan Health Interview Survey Follow-up Study analyzed survival differences according to comorbidity, using an adaptation of the Charlson's index. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING Vital status was ascertained by record linkage with death certificates 5 years after interview. Three thousand one hundred five men and 3,536 women aged 40-84 years old(More)
The last decade has witnessed a surge in interest for policies to tackle health inequalities. Adequate theoretical development of policy models is needed to understand how to design and evaluate equity-oriented health policies. In this paper we review Graham's typology of policies (focused on the worst-off, on the gap, or on the gradient) and propose an(More)
Valsartan, a selective antagonist of angiotensin II at the AT(1) receptor subtype, is an efficacious, orally active, blood pressure-lowering agent used in hypertensive patients. Given that aminopeptidases (APs) play a major role in the metabolism of local peptides involved in blood pressure control, studying them helped us to understand cardiovascular(More)
BACKGROUND Small-area mortality atlases have been demonstrated to be a useful tool for both showing general geographical patterns in mortality data and identifying specific high-risk locations. In Spain no study has so far systematically examined geographic patterns of small-area mortality for the main causes of death. This paper presents the main features,(More)
Relative survival is the most commonly used method to determine survival in patients diagnosed with cancer. This method takes into account estimation of expected survival in cancer patients based on the observed mortality in the geographical area to which they belong. The most frequently used methods for estimation of expected survival are the Ederer (I and(More)
The authors describe the major methods and sources of information used in the EMCONET study for researching global, employment-related health inequalities. A systematic review of the literature provides valuable knowledge for research in this area. However, the limited number of studies, the poor quality of methods used, and a lack of theories or concepts(More)
We studied the possible existence of physiological sex differences in serum aminopeptidase activities in mice, by evaluating the effect of gonadectomy and the in vitro response to the presence in the medium of cholesterol or steroid hormones. Alanyl- and glutamyl-aminopeptidase activities were measured in sera from male, female, orchiectomized and(More)
To compare the prevalence of disabling low back pain (DLBP) and disabling wrist/hand pain (DWHP) among groups of workers carrying out similar physical activities in different cultural environments, and to explore explanations for observed differences, we conducted a cross-sectional survey in 18 countries. Standardised questionnaires were used to ascertain(More)