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Papillary glioneuronal tumors (PGNTs) are rare lesions of the central nervous system, and no information exists on the genetic alterations in these neoplasms. The authors report on such a case in a child. Genetic studies revealed that the tumor was characterized by gains and structural alterations involving only chromosome 7 with breakpoints at 7p22. By(More)
Ependymomas account for 3 to 9% of all neuroepithelial tumors and, although occurring most often within the ventricular system, they may arise from the extraventricular parenchyma as well. Several histologic patterns of these neoplasm are well known, but little attention has been devoted to a variant composed of giant elements. We describe the case of a(More)
Corpus callosotomy was reported for the first time by Dandy in 1922 and developed by Van Wagenen and Herren in 1940, but only Wilson in 1975 started performing it with a microsurgical technique. Its indications have remained controversial for a long time, but during the last years new interest has been raised concerning callosotomy as a treatment for some(More)
Benign fibrous histiocytomas (BFHs) are tumors with fibroblastic and histiocytic components without histological anaplasia. Intracerebral lesions are exceptional and to our knowledge a spinal location was not yet described. We describe 2 cases of BFHs of the neural axis: the first, a 22-month-old boy with Down's syndrome, presented with a paraparesis and(More)
OBJECTIVE Papillary glioneuronal tumors (PGNT) is well-recognized in the literature, although reports usually have not attempted a critical analysis of their characteristics. We report two PGNT and perform a comprehensive review of the published cases, aiming to clarify their clinical, imaging and histopathological features. MATERIAL AND METHODS We have(More)
Gangliogliomas are glioneuronal tumours of the young, and occur more frequently supratentorially. Among those uncommon cases in the spinal cord, the conus medullaris is an extremely rare site. We reviewed the literature of such cases and report another case of a ganglioglioma of the conus in a 13-year-old boy with an insidious sensory sensitive and motor(More)
OBJECT In this paper the authors' goal was to investigate the genetic characteristics of primary brain tumors in children and determine their influence on clinical outcome. METHODS The authors performed high-resolution comparative genomic hybridization studies in 14 low-grade and 12 high-grade brain neoplasms in 26 children who underwent surgery between(More)
The purpose of the present paper is to analyze the most recent advances in the field of craniosynostosis basic and clinical research and management, and to give an overview of the more frequently adopted surgical strategies. After reviewing some basic concepts regarding normal craniofacial embryology and growth, aetiopathogenesis of craniosynostosis and(More)
Reflex sympathetic dystrophy (RSD) is a syndrome characterised by severe distal pain and vasomotor changes. It is believed to be caused by sympathetic nervous system overactivity. Trauma is the most frequent precipitant event. An association with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) has been reported only once. We report three patients with ALS in whom the(More)
Despite being the second most frequent tumor in children, pediatric central nervous system (CNS) tumors are rare, and the published European epidemiological data is limited. Our goal is to present the first surgical series of pediatric CNS tumors in Portugal and to review other similar worldwide series. Retrospective review of all patients younger than 19(More)