José Matallo

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BACKGROUND In un-resuscitated rodent models of septic shock, the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-β/δ (PPAR-β/δ) agonist GW0742 improved visceral organ function. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis whether GW0742 would attenuate kidney injury during long-term, resuscitated, porcine polymicrobial septic shock. METHODS Six, 12, and 18 h after the(More)
To test the hypothesis that a carbamylated EPO-FC fusion protein (cEPO-FC) or recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) would protect against kidney ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in pigs with atherosclerosis. Anesthetized and mechanically ventilated animals received cEPO-FC (50 μg kg−1), rhEPO (5,000 IU kg−1), or vehicle (n = 9 per group) prior to 120(More)
OBJECTIVES Accidental hypothermia increases mortality and morbidity after hemorrhage, but controversial data are available on the effects of therapeutic hypothermia. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis whether moderate pretreatment hypothermia would beneficially influence organ dysfunction during long-term, porcine hemorrhage and resuscitation. DESIGN(More)
A fall in tissue oxygen tension (tPO2) is an early indicator of organ hypoxia in both patients and animal models. We previously demonstrated the utility of bladder tPO2 in various rodent shock models. As a prelude to clinical testing, we aimed to provide further validation of bladder tPO2 monitoring in a large animal model undergoing a range of(More)
OBJECTIVE Controversial data are available on the effects of hydrogen sulfide during hemorrhage. Because the clinical significance of hydrogen sulfide administration in rodents may not be applicable to larger species, we tested the hypothesis whether intravenous Na2S (sulfide) would beneficially influence organ dysfunction during long-term, porcine(More)
Previous studies suggest that sulfide-induced inhibition of cytochrome c oxidase (cCox) and, consequently, the metabolic and toxic effects of sulfide are less pronounced at low body temperature. Because the temperature-dependent effects of sulfide on the inflammatory response are still a matter of debate, we investigated the impact of varying temperature on(More)
Decreased levels of endogenous hydrogen sulfide (H2S) contribute to atherosclerosis, whereas equivocal data are available on H2S effects during sepsis. Moreover, H2S improved glucose utilization in anaesthetized, ventilated, hypothermic mice, but normothermia and/or sepsis blunted this effect. The metabolic effects of H2S in large animals are controversial.(More)
OBJECTIVE Hemorrhagic shock-induced tissue hypoxia induces hyperinflammation, ultimately causing multiple organ failure. Hyperoxia and hypothermia can attenuate tissue hypoxia due to increased oxygen supply and decreased demand, respectively. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis whether mild therapeutic hypothermia and hyperoxia would attenuate postshock(More)
Blunt chest trauma causes pulmonary and systemic inflammation. It is still a matter of debate whether the long-term course of this inflammatory response is associated with persistent impairment of lung function. We hypothesized that an increase of inflammatory biomarkers may still be present at later time points after blunt chest trauma, eventually, despite(More)
Our aim was to study the ability of an immortalized cell line (AMJ2-C11) to sustain aerobic cell respiration at decreasing oxygen concentrations under continuous sulfide exposure. We assumed that the rate of elimination of sulfide through the pathway linked to the mitochondrial respiratory chain and therefore operating under aerobic conditions, should(More)