José Martín Scervino

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White clover (Trifolium repens) plants were grown in the presence or absence of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Glomus intraradices. Flavones, 4',5,6,7,8-pentahydroxy-3-methoxyflavone and 5,6,7,8-tetrahydroxy-3-methoxyflavone, as well as two flavones 3,7-dihydroxy-4'-methoxyflavone and 5,6,7,8-tetrahydroxy-4'-methoxyflavone never previously reported in(More)
The flavonoids 5,6,7,8,9-hydroxy chalcone, 3,7-hydroxy-4?methoxy flavone, 5,6,7,8-hydroxy-4?-methoxy flavone and 3,5,6,7,4?-hydroxy flavone can be detected only in non-mycorrhizal roots of white clover, but not in mycorrhizal roots, whereas the flavonoids acacetin, quercetin and rhamnetin are only present in mycorrhizal roots. We tested the effect of(More)
Phenolic compounds present in Lolium multiflorum Lam. were isolated and characterized. Significant differences in their distribution were found, in shoots and roots of plants with (Lmþ) and without (Lm ) endophyte association, grown with (Micþ) and without (Mic ) mycorrhizal fungi Glomus intraradices, indicating a systemic effect of these microorganisms on(More)
AIMS To study phosphate solubilization in Penicillium purpurogenum as function of medium pH, and carbon and nitrogen concentrations. METHODS AND RESULTS Tricalcium phosphate (CP) solubilization efficiency of P. purpurogenum was evaluated at acid or alkaline pH using different C and N sources. Glucose- and (NH(4) )(2) SO(4) -based media showed the highest(More)
Neotyphodium endophytes and arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi are common constituents of natural grasslands. The plant–endophyte symbiosis can introduce changes in soil conditions that affect the density and activity of different functional groups of soil organisms. In the present work we performed in vitro assays to evaluate the effect of root and(More)
The effect of the flavonoids chrysin, isorhamnetin, kaempferol, luteolin, morin and rutin on pre-symbiotic growth, such as spore germination, hyphal length, hyphal branching and the formation of auxiliary cells and secondary spores, of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi Gigaspora rosea, G. margarita, Glomus mosseae and G. intraradices was studied. According(More)
Phosphorus availability is a major limiting factor for yield of most crop species. The objective of this study was to compare the solubilization of three sources of phosphorus (P) by different fungal isolates and to determine the possible mechanisms involved in the process. Talaromyces flavus (S73), T. flavus var flavus (TM), Talaromyces helicus (L7b) and(More)
The effect of flavonoids isolated from arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) colonized and noncolonized clover roots on the number of entry points and percentage of root colonization of tomato (Lycopersicum esculentum L.) by Gigaspora rosea, Gi margarita, Glomus mosseae and G. intrarradices symbionts was determined. With fungi of both genera, a correlation between(More)
This study analyzed the interaction between the phosphate-solubilizing fungus (PSF) Talaromyces flavus and the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus (AMF) Gigaspora rosea in vitro, and whether the in vivo application of T. flavus was able to stimulate the efficiency of the symbiosis between G. rosea and wheat (Triticum aestivum). In vitro, the soluble chemical(More)
The influence of tillage and monoculture on arbuscular mycorrhizae (AM) fungal species diversity in a field site of the Buenos Aires province (Argentina) was investigated through the morphological characterization of AM spores. Glomalean spores were isolated by wet sieving and decanting from three plots cropped either to wheat, barley or clover and from a(More)