José Mariano Ruiz de Almodóvar

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Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP)-1, an enzyme that catalyzes the attachment of ADP ribose to target proteins, acts as a component of enhancer/promoter regulatory complexes. In the present study, we show that pharmacologic inhibition of PARP-1 with 3,4-dihydro-5-[4-(1-piperidinyl)butoxyl]-1(2H)-isoquinolinone (DPQ) results in a strong delay in tumor(More)
BACKGROUND It has been demonstrated that human umbilical cord stromal stem cells (UCSSCs) are bio-equivalent to bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells. However, little is known about their tissue origin or in vivo functions, and data on their expansion properties are limited due to early senescence in the culture methods described to date. METHODS UC sections(More)
The role of the initial DNA double-strand breaks (dsb) as a determinant of cellular radiosensitivity was studied in human breast and bladder cancer cell lines. Cell survival was measured by monolayer colony-forming assay as appropriate and differences in radiosensitivity were seen (alpha-values ranged from 0.12 to 0.54). After pulsed-field gel(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between gene hypermethylation and main clinicopathological features of breast cancer, including diagnosis and treatment response. A sensitive SYBR green methylation-specific PCR technique was used to analyze the utility of circulating DNA with CpG island hypermethylation of ESR1, APC, RARB,(More)
MCF7 human breast cancer cells have been studied extensively as a model for hormonal effects on breast cancer cell growth and specific protein synthesis. Because the proliferative effect of natural estrogen is considered the hallmark of estrogen action, it was proposed that this property be used to determine whether a substance is an estrogen. The E-screen(More)
Five established human breast cancer cell lines and one established human bladder cancer cell line of varying radiosensitivity have been used to determine whether the rejoining of DNA double-strand breaks (dsbs) shows a correlation with radiosensitivity. The kinetics of dsb rejoining was biphasic and both components proceeded exponentially with time. The(More)
We examined the relationship between p53 levels before and after irradiation, radiation-induced cell cycle delays, apoptotic cell death and radiosensitivity in a panel of eight human tumour cell lines. The cell lines differed widely in their clonogenic survival after radiation, (surviving fraction at 2 Gy: SF2=0.18-0.82). Constitutive p53 protein levels(More)
p53 deficiency confers resistance to doxo (doxorubicin), a clinically active and widely used antitumour anthracycline antibiotic. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the reversal mechanism of doxo resistance by the potent PARP [poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase] inhibitor ANI (4-amino-1,8-naphthalimide) in the p53-deficient breast cancer cell(More)
To assess the potential relationship between p53 and p16 proteins in the cellular response to stress, we have examined the levels of these proteins in a series of human tumor cell lines after treatment with either ionizing radiation or hyperthermia. We found that cells with abnormal radiation-induced G1 arrest (non-functional p53) had significantly higher(More)
The success of radiotherapy in eradicating tumours depends on the total radiation dose, but what limits this dose is the tolerance of the normal tissues within the treatment volume. Studies involving fibroblast survival have demonstrated the theoretical feasibility of a predictive assay of radiation sensitivity, but such an assay is still far from clinical(More)