José Mariano Ruiz de Almodóvar

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We examined the relationship between p53 levels before and after irradiation, radiation-induced cell cycle delays, apoptotic cell death and radiosensitivity in a panel of eight human tumour cell lines. The cell lines differed widely in their clonogenic survival after radiation, (surviving fraction at 2 Gy: SF2=0.18-0.82). Constitutive p53 protein levels(More)
The role of the initial DNA double-strand breaks (dsb) as a determinant of cellular radiosensitivity was studied in human breast and bladder cancer cell lines. Cell survival was measured by monolayer colony-forming assay as appropriate and differences in radiosensitivity were seen (alpha-values ranged from 0.12 to 0.54). After pulsed-field gel(More)
MCF7 human breast cancer cells have been studied extensively as a model for hormonal effects on breast cancer cell growth and specific protein synthesis. Because the proliferative effect of natural estrogen is considered the hallmark of estrogen action, it was proposed that this property be used to determine whether a substance is an estrogen. The E-screen(More)
The tumour suppressor protein p53 plays a key role in the cell's decision to arrest the cell cycle or undergo apoptosis following a genotoxic insult. p53 is stabilized and activated after DNA damage, however the cascade of events signalling from DNA lesions to p53 stabilization and activation is still controversial. Poly (ADP-ribosylation) of different(More)
Five established human breast cancer cell lines and one established human bladder cancer cell line of varying radiosensitivity have been used to determine whether the rejoining of DNA double-strand breaks (dsbs) shows a correlation with radiosensitivity. The kinetics of dsb rejoining was biphasic and both components proceeded exponentially with time. The(More)
The prevailing hypothesis on the mechanism of radiation-induced cell killing identifies the genetic material deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) as the most important subcellular target at biologically relevant doses. In this review we present new data and summarize the role of the DNA double-strand breaks (dsb) induced by ionizing radiation and DNA dsb rejoining(More)
p53 deficiency confers resistance to doxo (doxorubicin), a clinically active and widely used antitumour anthracycline antibiotic. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the reversal mechanism of doxo resistance by the potent PARP [poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase] inhibitor ANI (4-amino-1,8-naphthalimide) in the p53-deficient breast cancer cell(More)
In this work we estimate the therapeutic gain that could be obtained using a radiotherapy programme in which doses were based on a radiosensitivity test that was able to predict the final response of normal tissues to radiation for each particular patient. To date, no good radiosensitivity assay has been demonstrated and by way of example we use an assay(More)
Treatments which inhibit or retard progression of the cell through the cell cycle have been reported to reduce the effectiveness of ionizing radiation by increasing cellular radioresistance. We studied cellular radiosensitivity and radiation-induced DNA damage (double-strand break, dsb) in both hormone-sensitive and non-sensitive human breast cancer cell(More)
Tumor expression of estrogen receptor (ER) is an important marker of prognosis, and is predictive of response to endocrine therapy in breast cancer. Several studies have observed that epigenetic events, such methylation of cytosines and deacetylation of histones, are involved in the complex mechanisms that regulate promoter transcription. However, the exact(More)