José Maria Arruda

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Results of household surveys carried out in four states in the Northeast of Brazil showed that female sterilization is the most prevalent method among women who want no more children. Many women who indicated an interest in tubal ligation, however, had not been sterilized. Access to sterilization depends on the type of hospital in which the child was(More)
This study presents information on cesarean section rates for the last baby born to 1,746 women in Northeast Brazil between January 1978 and the date of a 1980 household survey. For hospital deliveries, the c-section rate is 19 per cent. Rates were highest in the major urban areas and lowest in rural areas. Within residence categories, the section rate was(More)
Oral contraceptives have many advantages, but sometimes also have side effects which can cause users to switch appropriately or inappropriately to less effective methods or abandon contraception. In Brazil, 2/3 of married women of childbearing age were using contraception in 1981, and 1/2 of these were using orals. Contraceptive behavior following reported(More)
This article focuses on health promotion (HP) outcomes, illustrated through evaluation of case studies and identification of strategies which have contributed to their success and sustainability. Evaluation research and practice in three distinct sceneries are discussed: (i) institutional and governmental agencies; (ii) communities in the "Manguinhos(More)
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