Learn More
Hypotaurine (HT) has been proposed to reduce sulfide toxicity in some deep-sea invertebrates by scavenging free radicals produced from sulfide oxidation or by scavenging sulfide via the reaction of HT with sulfide, forming thiotaurine (ThT). We tested whether HT or several antioxidants could reduce the total dissolved sulfide concentration in buffered(More)
The full chromosomal karyotype of six enological Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains used for fermentation and biological ageing of sherry-type wines was studied. A genetic method based on the analysis of segregation frequencies of auxotrophic markers, among random spore progeny of hybrids, constructed between laboratory and industrial wine strains (Bakalinsky(More)
Factors controlling the redox properties of the two conventional forms of cytochrome b559, i.e. the unstable high-potential form and the stable low-potential form, have been further investigated using PSII-enriched membranes from pea and spinach chloroplasts. The redox potential of the stable form of cytochrome b559 is pH independent both above pH 7.5 (E'm(More)
The traditional biological process by which sherry wines are aged can be accelerated by using submerged Saccharomyces cerevisiae var. capensis (G1) strain cultures previously grown in glycerol. The used controlled shaking conditions raise the acetaldehyde, acetoin, and meso 2,3-butanediol contents in the wine, and increases the consumption of gluconic acid(More)
Ethanol tolerance, ATPase activity and the lipid composition of the plasma membrane to study potential relationship among them were examined in five different wine yeast strains. Yeast cells were subjected to ethanol stress (4% v/v). Principal component analysis of the results revealed that the wine yeasts studied can be distinguished in terms of ATPase(More)
Redox properties of cytochrome b559 (Cyt b559) and cytochrome c550 (Cyt c550) have been studied by using highly stable photosystem II (PSII) core complex preparations from a mutant strain of the thermophilic cyanobacterium Thermosynechococcus elongatus with a histidine tag on the CP43 protein of PSII. Two different redox potential forms for Cyt b559 are(More)
Cytochrome c(550) (cyt c(550)) is a component of photosystem II (PSII) from cyanobacteria, red algae, and some other eukaryotic algae. Its physiological role remains unclear. In the present work, measurements of the midpoint redox potential (E(m)) were performed using intact PSII core complexes preparations from a histidine-tagged PSII mutant strain of the(More)
The redox and acid/base states and midpoint potentials of cytochrome b-559 have been determined in oxygen-evolving photosystem II (PS II) particles at room temperature in the pH range from 6.5 to 8.5. At pH 7.5 the fresh PS II particles present about 2/3 of their cytochrome b-559 in its reduced and protonated (non-auto-oxidizable) high-potential form and(More)
The behaviour of cytochrome (cyt) b559 during acceptor- and donor-side photoinhibition has been investigated in oxygen-evolving and non-evolving photosystem II (PSII) membranes. Strong illumination at 20 degrees C under aerobiosis induced a strong decrease in the absorbance of the cyt b559 alpha-band in the two preparations. This absorbance decline was(More)
Cytochrome c550 (cyt c550) is a membrane component of the PSII complex in cyanobacteria and some eukaryotic algae, such as red and brown algae. Cyt c550 presents a bis-histidine heme coordination which is very unusual for monoheme c-type cytochromes. In PSII, the cyt c550 with the other extrinsic proteins stabilizes the binding of Cl(-) and Ca(2+) ions to(More)