José María Martínez-Ortega

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We performed an updated review of the available literature on weight gain and increase of body mass index (BMI) among children and adolescents treated with antipsychotic medications. A PubMed search was conducted specifying the following MeSH terms: (antipsychotic agents) hedged with (weight gain) or (body mass index). We selected 127 reports, including 71(More)
INTRODUCTION The incidence of depression is increasing worldwide. Much is still unknown about the possible role of magnesium in depression prevention and treatment. Magnesium has an effect on biological and transduction pathways implicated in the pathophysiology of depression. The possible role of magnesium in depression prevention and treatment remains(More)
In a prior US study, schizophrenia vulnerability was associated with higher risk of initiating daily smoking after 20 years of age. A survival analysis of onset age of daily smoking compared 290 controls with 250 consecutive DSM-IV schizophrenia patients from outpatient facilities at an urban catchment area in Spain. After controlling for gender and(More)
OBJECTIVE Despite the fact that association between winter birth excess and schizophrenia in the northern Hemisphere is well established, possible sex or birth-cohort differences in this winter birth excess remain unclear. We aimed to evaluate sex and birth-cohort differences in the seasonal birth distribution of patients with schizophrenia or(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the association of smoking and nicotine dependence with psychiatric morbidity, controlling for the potential confounding effect of smoking on the relationship between the use of other substances and psychiatric morbidity. A sample of 290 adults were interviewed at a primary health centre (patients, 58%; patients'(More)
BACKGROUND We analyzed the association of previous course-of-illness and other variables of clinical interest with a high frequency of both depressive or (hypo)manic episodes controlling for the effect of socio-demographic characteristics. METHODS A total of 108 outpatients with a DSM-IV diagnosis of bipolar disorder (BD) were recruited. A retrospective(More)
This study examines in daily smokers (1) subjective effects and main reason for smoking after controlling for nicotine dependence level in 100 controls and 173 patients with Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, schizophrenia and (2) the association of specific subjective effects and schizophrenia symptoms. The subjective(More)
OBJECTIVE Multiple studies suggest an association of overweight and obesity with bipolar disorder (BD) and schizophrenia. The goal of this paper was to determine the magnitude of this association and its relationship with previous course-of-illness and other variables of clinical interest. METHODS The prevalence of overweight and obesity was compared(More)
We systematically review factors associated with the presence of psychological distress or common mental disorders in migrant populations. Articles published between January 2000 and December 2014 were reviewed and 85 applying multivariate statistical analysis were selected. Common mental disorders were significantly associated with socio-demographic and(More)
OBJECTIVE As an indication of potential psychopathology, our aim was to compare, in a non-psychiatric sample, the variables associated to daily smoking with those associated to nicotine dependence. We also compared dependent and non-dependent smokers on these variables and on the age of onset of daily smoking (AODS). METHOD A sample of 290 persons aged 18(More)