José-María Gutiérrez

Learn More
Numerous studies have been carried out to determine whether infection by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) can be considered as a risk factor for multiple sclerosis (MS). This work is a meta-analysis of case–control observational studies published before January 2009 aimed at assessing the degree of association between EBV and MS infections. A Medline electronic(More)
Clostridium perfringens phospholipase C (Cp-PLC), also called alpha-toxin, is the major virulence factor in the pathogenesis of gas gangrene. Previously, a cellular UDP-Glc deficiency was related with a hypersensitivity to the cytotoxic effect of Cp-PLC. Because UDP-Glc is required in the synthesis of proteoglycans, N-linked glycoproteins, and(More)
Glycopeptides and linezolid are the most widely used antibiotics to treat infections by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus spp. We report the presence of various isolates of methicillin-resistant S. hominis subsp. hominis with resistance to linezolid and reduced susceptibility to glycopeptides. We studied ten blood culture isolates of S. hominis subsp.(More)
The development of snake antivenoms more than a century ago should have heralded effective treatment of the scourge of snakebite envenoming in impoverished, mostly rural populations around the world. That snakebite still exists today, as a widely untreated illness that maims, kills and terrifies men, women and children in vulnerable communities, is a cruel(More)
Multiple hamartoma syndrome, or Cowden's disease, is a rare genodermatosis with multiple organ system involvement in which malignancy, particularly of breast and thyroid, may develop. Multiple trichilemmomas have been classically regarded as the cutaneous hallmark of this disease. We here emphasize multiple sclerotic fibromas of the skin as another specific(More)
Antivenoms are preparations of intact or fragmented (F(ab')2 or Fab) immunoglobulin G (IgG) used in human medicine to treat the severe envenomings resulting from the bites and stings of various animals, such as snakes, spiders, scorpions, or marine animals, or from the contact with poisonous plants. They are obtained by fractionating plasma collected from(More)
We have evaluated for the first time the impact of a solvent/detergent (S/D) treatment on the quality and in vivo neutralization potency of horse-derived whole IgG antivenom used in the treatment of viperid snake bite envenoming in Central America. The S/D treatment by 1% tri (n-butyl) phosphate (TnBP) - 1% Triton X-45 at 22-25 degrees C was applied either(More)
Low pH treatment improves the tolerance to intravenous infusion, the stability, and the viral safety of various therapeutic immunoglobulins G preparations, but has never been evaluated for horse plasma-derived antivenoms. We have studied the impact of low pH formulation on the quality, safety, stability, potency and viral inactivation of a whole IgG(More)
BACKGROUND Antivenom is the treatment of choice for snakebite, which annually kills an estimated 32,000 people in sub-Saharan Africa and leaves approximately 100,000 survivors with permanent physical disabilities that exert a considerable socioeconomic burden. Over the past two decades, the high costs of the most polyspecifically-effective antivenoms have(More)