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BACKGROUND It is known that growth factors play a role in ageing and atherogenesis, and insulin develops mitogenic activity in vitro. OBJECTIVES This study focuses on the pathway by which insulin induces proliferation and mobility in vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs) compared with that of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), because they are two basic(More)
Since biological aging causes a decrease in functions such as cell proliferation, we have studied the possible effect of age on the migration capacity of human vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs). To this aim, the migration activity of cultured SMCs from arteries of male human donors ranging in age from 43-77 years was determined in a Boyden chamber, under(More)
This work studied the proliferation activity in cultures of vascular smooth muscle cells (SMC) from individuals of different ages. The cells derived from arteries of 12 donors of both sexes from 45 to 91 years of age. The main parameter considered was the 'proliferation rate' (cells grown per day in the different culture passages) taking into account the(More)
Radical neck dissection remains the keystone to lymph nodes control in modern Head and Neck Surgery. Like any major operation, it has inherent complications ranging from minor surgical complications such as wound infection to potentially life-threatening complications such as fistula or carotid rupture. We have observed two cases of surgical damage of the(More)
The process of aging results in an increase in collagen in arterial walls, but the blood levels of insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) decrease remarkably as adults age. There is an almost simultaneous increase in insulin secretion, particularly in obese individuals. It is not known if, under these hormonal conditions, the enrichment of collagen in the(More)
During the atheroma plaque formation, smooth muscle cells (SMC) have to change their differentiated phenotype in order to proliferate, migrate and synthesize collagen. These phenotypic changes are stimulated by insulin and IGF-1, and we have studied the effect of L-type calcium channel blockade produced by diltiazem on such changes. Mitotic activity was(More)