José-Manuel Rodríguez-Martínez

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Plasmid-mediated resistance to quinolones is increasingly reported in studies of Enterobacteriaceae. Using a PCR-based strategy, a series of gram-negative species were screened for qnrA-like genes. Shewanella algae, an environmental species from marine and fresh water, was identified as its reservoir. This is a one of the very few examples of progenitor(More)
OBJECTIVES To gain insight into the functionality of qnr-like genes of several bacterial species of Vibrionaceae that may encode quinolone resistance determinants. METHODS A PCR-based strategy was used to obtain qnr-like genes of reference strains of Vibrio vulnificus CIP103196, Vibrio parahaemolyticus CIP71.2 and Photobacterium profundum CIP106289 that(More)
A carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas stutzeri strain isolated from a Dutch patient was analyzed in detail. This isolate produced a metallo-beta-lactamase (MBL) whose gene, with 43.5% GC content, was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. beta-Lactamase DIM-1 (for Dutch imipenemase) was weakly related to other Ambler class B beta-lactamases, sharing <52%(More)
OBJECTIVES To study the role of Qnr-like pentapeptide repeat proteins (PRPs) from several gram-positive species with quinolone resistance in vitro. METHODS A PCR-based strategy was used to clone and express genes coding for Qnr-like PRPs in Enterococcus faecalis, Enterococcus faecium, Listeria monocytogenes, Clostridium perfringens, C. difficile, Bacillus(More)
An increase of Enterobacteriaceae isolates with reduced susceptibility to cefepime (FEP) and amoxicillin/clavulanate (AMC) has been observed in our area. The aim of this study was to characterize this antibiotic resistance phenotype and its molecular epidemiology. A total of 33 Enterobacteriaceae strains were studied. blaOXA-1 genes and their genetic(More)
OBJECTIVES Plasmid pMG252 contains the qnr locus, which is responsible for low-level resistance to quinolones by protecting the DNA gyrase. pMG252 also encodes the AmpC-type beta-lactamase (pACBL), FOX-5. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of qnr in strains from different geographical locations in America and Europe. METHODS Four(More)
In 1998, the first plasmid-mediated gene involved in quinolone resistance (currently named qnrA1) was reported. Extra qnr-like plasmid-mediated genes (qnrB, qnrS, qnrC, qnrD) and their chromosomal homologues have also been characterized. These genes code for a pentapeptide repeat protein that protects type II topoisomerases from quinolones. Since then,(More)
The contributions of different mechanisms of resistance to carbapenems among a collection of imipenem- and meropenem-nonsusceptible Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates were investigated. This screening included the recently reported extended-spectrum cephalosporinases (ESACs) weakly hydrolyzing carbapenems. Eighty-seven percent of the studied isolates were(More)
The CR1 element defined by an orf513 gene encoding a putative recombinase and a recombination crossover site has been identified upstream of several antibiotic resistance genes in Enterobacteriaceae. This CR1 element was shown to bring promoter sequences that play a role in the expression of unrelated antibiotic resistance genes.
The presence of the plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance determinants qnrA, qnrB, qnrS and aac(6')-Ib-cr was evaluated in a collection of 382 isolates of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae collected between February and March 2006 for the nationwide Spanish GEIH-ESBL 2006 project. In total, 14 isolates(More)