José Manuel Palma

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The presence of nitric-oxide synthase (NOS) in peroxisomes from leaves of pea plants (Pisum sativum L.) was studied. Plant organelles were purified by differential and sucrose density gradient centrifugation. In purified intact peroxisomes a Ca(2+)-dependent NOS activity of 5.61 nmol of L-[(3)H]citrulline mg(-1) protein min(-1) was measured while no(More)
The cellular and subcellular localization of endogenous nitric oxide (NO.) in leaves from young and senescent pea (Pisum sativum) plants was studied. Confocal laser scanning microscopy analysis of pea leaf sections with the fluorescent probe 4,5-diaminofluorescein diacetate revealed that endogenous NO. was mainly present in vascular tissues (xylem and(More)
The glutathione reductase (GR; EC isozyme present in peroxisomes has been purified for the first time, and its unequivocal localization in these organelles, by immunogold electron microscopy, is reported. The enzyme was purified c. 21-fold with a specific activity of 9523 units mg(-1) protein, and a yield of 44 microg protein kg(-1) leaves was(More)
Low temperature is an environmental stress that affects crop production and quality and regulates the expression of many genes, and the level of a number of proteins and metabolites. Using leaves from pepper (Capsicum annum L.) plants exposed to low temperature (8 °C) for different time periods (1 to 3 d), several key components of the metabolism of(More)
The presence of the two NADP-dependent dehydrogenases of the pentose phosphate pathway has been investigated in plant peroxisomes from pea (Pisum sativum L.) leaves. Both enzymes, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PDH; EC and 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase (6PGDH; EC, were present in the matrix of leaf peroxisomes, and their kinetic(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is an important signalling molecule in different animal and plant physiological processes. Little is known about its biological function in plants and on the enzymatic source or site of NO production during plant development. The endogenous NO production from l-arginine (NO synthase activity) was analyzed in leaves, stems and roots during(More)
Nitric oxide (*NO) is a key signaling molecule in different physiological processes of animals and plants. However, little is known about the metabolism of endogenous *NO and other reactive nitrogen species (RNS) in plants under abiotic stress conditions. Using pea plants exposed to six different abiotic stress conditions (high light intensity, low and high(More)
The effect of growing pea plants with 50 microM CdCl2 on the activated oxygen metabolism was studied at subcellular level in peroxisomes isolated from pea leaves. Cadmium treatment produced proliferation of peroxisomes as well as an increase in the content of H2O2 in peroxisomes from pea leaves, but in peroxisomal membranes no significant effect on the(More)
The degradation of peroxisomal and nonperoxisomal proteins by endoproteases of purified peroxisomes from senescent pea (Pisum sativum L.) leaves has been investigated. In our experimental conditions, most peroxisomal proteins were endoproteolytically degraded. This cleavage was prevented, to some extent, by incubation with 2 mM phenylmethylsulfonylfluoride,(More)