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Two phases may be recognized in the development of congenital hydrocephalus in the hyh mutant mouse. During embryonic life the detachment of the ventral ependyma is followed by a moderate hydrocephalus. During the first postnatal week the cerebral aqueduct becomes obliterated and a severe hydrocephalus develops. The aim of the present investigation was to(More)
The subcommissural organ is an ependymal gland located at the entrance of the cerebral aqueduct. It secretes glycoproteins into the cerebrospinal fluid, where they aggregate to form Reissner's fiber. This fiber grows along the aqueduct, fourth ventricle, and central canal. There is evidence that the subcommissural organ is involved in the pathogenesis of(More)
The subcommissural organ (SCO) is a brain gland secreting glycoproteins into the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), where they aggregate forming the Reissner’s fiber (RF). By the continuous addition of newly released glycoproteins, RF grows along the cerebral aqueduct, fourth ventricle, and central canal of the spinal cord. At the filum, RF-glycoproteins escape(More)
The influence of the environmental salinity on the prolactin (PRL) and corticotropic (ACTH) cells of the rostral pars distalis of the adenohypophysis of the gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata) adapted to sea water (SW, 980 mOsm/kg) and brackish water (BW, 200 mOsm/kg) has been studied by immunocytochemical, morphometric, and electron-microscopic techniques.(More)
Hydrocephalic hyh mice are born with moderate hydrocephalus and a normal cerebral aqueduct. At about the fifth postnatal day the aqueduct becomes obliterated and severe hydrocephalus develops. The aim of the present investigation was to investigate the mechanism of this hydrocephalus, probably starting during fetal life when the cerebral aqueduct is still(More)
To investigate the role of sialic acid in the ependyma of the rat brain, we injected neuraminidase from Clostridium perfingens into the lateral ventricle of 86 adult rats that were sacrificed at various time intervals. After administration of 10 micrograms neuraminidase, ciliated cuboidal ependymal cells of the lateral ventricles, third ventricle, cerebral(More)
Pineal efferent projections have been traced in the brain of the goldfish (Carassius auratus) by administration of a concentrated solution of horseradish peroxidase onto the pineal organ. After different survival times, fish were sacrificed and the administered peroxidase was revealed by immunocytochemistry on paraffin sections using an anti-horseradish(More)
The neural control of the subcommissural organ (SCO) has been partially characterized. The best known input is an important serotonergic innervation in the SCO of several mammals. In the rat, this innervation comes from raphe nuclei and appears to exert an inhibitory effect on the SCO activity. A GABAergic innervation has also been shown in the SCO of the(More)
By use of electron microscopy, in addition to conventional pituicytes small irregular cells were found in the hypophysial neural lobe of both normal and dehydrated adult rats. These cells were characterized by their irregular profiles, showing many multidirectional cytoplasmic processes, and by their dense nuclei and cytoplasm. They were located in both(More)