The causes of liver disease, ranging from fatty changes to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma, in porphyria cutanea tarda (PCT) remain unclear. We tested 100 consecutive PCT patients for antibodies to hepatitis C virus (HCV) by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and a recombinant immunoblot assay. 75 (79%) patients with sporadic PCT but none of 5 with… (More)
Pruritus is a complex process that involves the stimulation of free nerve endings found superficially in the skin. The sensation of pruritus is transmitted through the C-fibers in the skin to the dorsal horn of the spinal cord, and then, via the spinothalamic tract to the cerebral cortex for processing. Many chemicals have been found to be pruritogenic,… (More)
Paraneoplastic pemphigus is a life-threatening autoimmune bullous disease associated with neoplasia, generally of lymphoid origin. Immunosuppressive therapy is often disappointing and there are only a few reports of patients surviving more than 2 years. These cases were generally associated with benign neoplasms. We report here the case of a patient with… (More)
CT and MR findings in two patients with hepatoerythropoietic porphyria are presented. CT scans showed atrophy and cortical mineralization at the same level. MR examination performed in one of the two patients showed mainly frontal cortical atrophy and punctate bright signal on T1- and T2-weighted sequences.
Uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase levels were measured in haemolysed whole blood or fibroblasts from 3 unrelated patients with hepatoerythropoietic porphyria (HEP) and in 4 unrelated patients with familial porphyria cutanea tarda, a condition in which the enzyme is defective. In HEP patients enzyme activities were 7% of normal in erythrocytes and 8% of normal… (More)