José Manuel Madeira Lopes

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The need for standards in the management of patients with endocrine tumors of the digestive system prompted the European Neuroendocrine Tumor Society (ENETS) to organize a first Consensus Conference, which was held in Frascati (Rome) and was based on the recently published ENETS guidelines on the diagnosis and treatment of digestive neuroendocrine tumors(More)
Criteria for the staging and grading of neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) of midgut and hindgut origin were established at the second Consensus Conference in Frascati (Rome) organized by the European Neuroendocrine Tumor Society (ENETS). The proposed tumor–node–metastasis (TNM) classifications are based on the recently published ENETS Guidelines for the(More)
Reactivation of telomerase has been implicated in human tumorigenesis, but the underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood. Here we report the presence of recurrent somatic mutations in the TERT promoter in cancers of the central nervous system (43%), bladder (59%), thyroid (follicular cell-derived, 10%) and skin (melanoma, 29%). In thyroid cancers, the(More)
The conserved serine/threonine kinase mTOR (the mammalian target of rapamycin), a downstream effector of the PI3K/AKT pathway, forms two distinct multiprotein complexes: mTORC1 and mTORC2. mTORC1 is sensitive to rapamycin, activates S6K1 and 4EBP1, which are involved in mRNA translation. It is activated by diverse stimuli, such as growth factors, nutrients,(More)
There are distinct genetic pathways leading to the glioblastoma, the most malignant astrocytic brain tumor. Primary (de novo) glioblastomas develop in older patients and are characterized by epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor amplification/overexpression, p16 deletion, and PTEN mutations, whereas secondary glioblastomas that progressed from low-grade or(More)
a Department of General Surgery, University of Verona, Verona , Italy; b Department of Surgery, Philipps University, Marburg , Germany; c Department of Endocrinology, University Hospital, Uppsala , Sweden; d Department of Pathology, Technical University of Munich, Munich , Germany; e Faculdade de Medicina do Porto & IPATIMUP, Porto , Portugal; f Instituto(More)
PURPOSE Epidermal growth factor (EGF) plays a critical role in cancer. A polymorphism in the EGF gene (EGF+61) may influence its expression and contribute to cancer predisposition and aggressiveness. In the present study, we aimed to elucidate the role of EGF+61 in glioma susceptibility and prognosis. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN A case-control study involving 197(More)
a DRK Kliniken Westend, Berlin , Germany; b UFR Bichat-Beaujon-Louis Mourier, Service de Chirurgie Digestive, Hôpital Louis Mourier, Colombes , France; c Medicine and Surgery, General Surgery Section, MED/18 – General Surgery and d Department of Pathology, University of Verona, Verona , Italy; e Netherlands Cancer Centre, Amsterdam , and f Department of(More)
TP53 is a key tumor suppressor gene that encodes a transcriptional factor involved in several cellular mechanisms, including growth arrest, DNA repair, and induction of apoptosis. In addition to TP53 gene mutations, a common polymorphism, Arg72Pro, has been involved in the carcinogenesis process. The Pro72 variant has been associated with a slower induction(More)
a Digestive Diseases Branch, NIDDK, NIH, Bethesda, Md. , USA; b Dipartimento di Patologia e Medicina di Laboratorio, Università di Parma, Parma , Italy; c Division of Gastroenterology and Endocrinology, Department of Internal Medicine, Philipps University, Marburg , Germany; d Department of Pathology, IPATIMUP Hospital, Porto , Portugal; e Dipartimento di(More)