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Development, angiogenesis, wound healing, and metastasis all involve the movement of cells in response to changes in the extracellular environment. To determine whether caveolin-1 plays a role in cell migration, we have used fibroblasts from knockout mice. Caveolin-1-deficient cells lose normal cell polarity, exhibit impaired wound healing, and have(More)
INTRODUCTION NMDA receptor (NMDAR) is an ionotropic glutamate receptor with a high permeability to calcium and a unique feature of controlling numerous calcium-dependent processes. Apart from being widely distributed in the CNS, the presence of NMDAR and its potential significance in a variety of non-neuronal cells and tissues has become an interesting(More)
The aim of our study was to analyze the relationships between atherosclerosis and endothelin-converting enzyme-1 (ECE-1). Four-week-old C57BL/6J [wild-type (WT)] and apolipoprotein E-deficient (apoE) mice were fed with a standard or Western-type fat diet for 8 wks. ApoE showed atherosclerotic lesions in the aorta, higher blood pressure and vascular(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiovascular risk scoring (Score) does not specifically address chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. The aim of our study is to quantify atherosclerosis using carotid ultrasound and ankle-brachial index (ABI) and to assess its additional value in risk scoring. METHODS In this cross-sectional, observational study, patients were studied(More)
BACKGROUND The causes of the high cardiovascular mortality observed in chronic kidney disease (CKD) are unknown. Here, we report data on prevalence of subclinical atherosclerosis in the NEFRONA population and a stratified multivariate logistic analysis of factors associated with the presence of plaque. METHODS We analysed 2445 patients with an estimated(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Cardiovascular risk assessment in this population is hampered by the failure of traditional risk factors to fully account for the elevated CVD risk (reverse epidemiology effect) and the presence of emerging risk factors(More)
Vitamin D has proven to be much more than a simple "calcium hormone." The fact that the vitamin D receptor has been found in cells not related to mineral metabolism supports that statement. The interest of nephrologists in vitamin D and its effects beyond mineral metabolism has increased over the last few years, evidencing the importance of this so-called(More)
A high expression of vitamin D receptor (VDR) in colorectal cancer (CRC) tumoral tissue has been related to a good prognosis and it has been proposed that it could be a good biological marker of CRC progression. Nevertheless, there are no previous studies that compare the VDR expression in tumoral towards normal tissue of the same CRC patient in relation to(More)
BACKGROUND The regulatory mechanisms of parathyroid hormone (PTH) synthesis are complex, involving calcium, calcitriol, the calcium-sensing receptor (CaR) and the vitamin D receptor (VDR). In this study, the effects of calcium and calcitriol on the simultaneous expression of CaR and VDR mRNA and protein levels were assessed in parathyroid glands cultured in(More)
BACKGROUND Vascular calcification (VC) contributes to high mortality rates in chronic kidney disease (CKD). High serum phosphate and FGF23 levels and impaired phosphaturic response to FGF23 may affect VC. Therefore, their relative contribution to abdominal aortic calcification (AAC) was examined in patients CKD stages 3-4. METHODS Potential risk factors(More)