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The protein tyrosine kinase PYK2, which is highly expressed in the central nervous system, is rapidly phosphorylated on tyrosine residues in response to various stimuli that elevate the intracellular calcium concentration, as well as by protein kinase C activation. Activation of PYK2 leads to modulation of ion channel function and activation of the MAP(More)
We show that GGF/neuregulin is a mitogen for prooligodendrocytes (O4+/O1- cells), oligodendrocytes (O4+/O1+ cells), and type-2 astrocytes. Heregulin beta 1, another neuregulin isoform, is also mitogenic. The proliferative effect of glial growth factor (GGF) does not require, but is greatly potentiated by, serum factors. GGF also promotes the survival of(More)
A novel transmembrane receptor protein tyrosine phosphatase-sigma (RPTP-sigma) was cloned from a rat brain stem cDNA library. The extracellular segment of one form of RPTP-sigma contains 824 amino acids and is composed of three immunoglobulin-like and five fibronectin type III (FNIII)-like repeats. The 627-amino acid cytoplasmic region of RPTP-sigma(More)
In situ hybridization and Northern analysis demonstrate that the three splicing variants of RPTP-beta have different spatial and temporal patterns of expression in the developing brain. The 9.5-kb and 6.4-kb transcripts, which encode transmembrane protein tyrosine phosphatases with different extracellular domains, are predominantly expressed in glial(More)
We describe a new member of the receptor protein tyrosine phosphatase family, R-PTP-kappa, cDNA cloning predicts that R-PTP-kappa is synthesized from a precursor protein of 1,457 amino acids. Its intracellular domain displays the classical tandemly repeated protein tyrosine phosphatase homology, separated from the transmembrane segment by an(More)
Dextromethorphan (DM), a non-narcotic antitussive with anticonvulsant activity, binds to high (Kd, 57 nM)- and low-affinity sites (Kd, 24 microM) in the guinea pig brain. This work, done at physiological pH, expands previous results obtained at pH 8.3. Phenytoin (PHT) produces an allosteric increase in the binding of [3H]DM, which is more marked than that(More)
A sustained increase in the turnover of norepinephrine coupled with an increased concentration of that amine has, in a previous study, been observed in the brains of rats exposed to electroconvulsive shock twice daily for one week. The phenomenon has been further examined by studying the effects of a similar regimen of electroconvulsive shock upon tyrosine(More)