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Histone variants are non-allelic protein isoforms that play key roles in diversifying chromatin structure. The known number of such variants has greatly increased in recent years, but the lack of naming conventions for them has led to a variety of naming styles, multiple synonyms and misleading homographs that obscure variant relationships and complicate(More)
Basic proteins and nucleic acids are assembled into complexes in a reaction that must be facilitated by nuclear chaperones in order to prevent protein aggregation and formation of non-specific nucleoprotein complexes. The nucleophosmin/nucleoplasmin (NPM) family of chaperones [NPM1 (nucleophosmin), NPM2 (nucleoplasmin) and NPM3] have diverse functions in(More)
The extraordinary progress experienced by sequencing technologies and bioinformatics has made the development of omic studies virtually ubiquitous in all fields of life sciences nowadays. However, scientific attention has been quite unevenly distributed throughout the different branches of the tree of life, leaving molluscs, one of the most diverse animal(More)
BACKGROUND In the tephritids Ceratitis, Bactrocera and Anastrepha, the gene transformer provides the memory device for sex determination via its auto-regulation; only in females is functional Tra protein produced. To date, the isolation and characterisation of the gene transformer-2 in the tephritids has only been undertaken in Ceratitis, and it has been(More)
The proper assembly of basic proteins with nucleic acids is a reaction that must be facilitated to prevent protein aggregation and formation of nonspecific nucleoprotein complexes. The proteins that mediate this orderly protein assembly are generally termed molecular (or nuclear) chaperones. The nucleophosmin/nucleoplasmin (NPM) family of molecular(More)
In the eukaryotic cell, DNA compaction is achieved through its interaction with histones, constituting a nucleoprotein complex called chromatin. During metazoan evolution, the different structural and functional constraints imposed on the somatic and germinal cell lines led to a unique process of specialization of the sperm nuclear basic proteins (SNBPs)(More)
For quite some time, scientists have wondered how multigene families come into existence. Over the last several decades, a number of genomic and evolutionary mechanisms have been discovered that shape the evolution, structure and organization of multigene families. While gene duplication represents the core process, other phenomena such as pseudogene(More)
In this paper, we present a review of sperm nuclear basic proteins (SNBPs) in teleost fish. The distribution of the three basic groups of SNBPs [histone (H)-type, protamine-like (PL)-type and protamine (P)-type], their evolution and possible relation to the mode of fertilization are described. In this regard, we have characterized the SNBPs from two closely(More)
Histones are small basic nuclear proteins with critical structural and functional roles in eukaryotic genomes. The H1 multigene family constitutes a very interesting histone class gathering the greatest number of isoforms, with many different arrangements in the genome, including clustered and solitary genes, and showing replication-dependent (RD) or(More)
The doublesex (dsx) gene of several Anastrepha species was isolated and characterised. Its molecular organisation was found to be the same in all the species examined. This gene is composed of four exons: Exons 1 and 2 are common to both sexes, exon 3 is female specific, and exon 4 is male specific. It codes for both the female DsxF and male DsxM proteins,(More)