José M Carballido

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Optimal T-cell activation and T-cell expansion require triggering by T-cell antigen receptors and co-stimulatory signals provided by accessory cells. A major co-stimulatory pathway involves crosslinking the CD28 molecule on T cells by its ligands CD80 or CD86 expressed on antigen-presenting cells. But recent studies on CD28-deficient mice have indicated(More)
Succinate acts as an extracellular mediator signaling through the G protein-coupled receptor GPR91. Here we show that dendritic cells had high expression of GPR91. In these cells, succinate triggered intracellular calcium mobilization, induced migratory responses and acted in synergy with Toll-like receptor ligands for the production of proinflammatory(More)
Phospholipase A2 (PLA) is a biochemically fully defined glycoprotein, representing the main allergen of bee venom. We have established CD4+ T cell clones specific to PLA from subjects allergic and nonallergic to bee sting. By screening the epitope specificity of these clones with 62 synthetic overlapping dodecapeptides representing the PLA molecule, two(More)
BACKGROUND The transcription factor T-bet mediates IFN-gamma production by T(H)1 cells and suppresses T(H)2 cytokine production when ectopically expressed in polarized murine T(H)2 cells. Thus T-bet-mediated inhibition of T(H)2 cytokine production might be beneficial for the treatment of allergic diseases like asthma or atopic dermatitis. OBJECTIVE We(More)
Succinate is an intermediate of the citric acid cycle as well as an extracellular circulating molecule, whose receptor, G protein-coupled receptor-91 (GPR91), was recently identified and characterized in several tissues, including heart. Because some pathological conditions such as ischemia increase succinate blood levels, we investigated the role of this(More)
The expression and function of the novel signaling lymphocytic activation molecule (SLAM) are described. SLAM is present on immature thymocytes, CD45R0(high) memory T cells, T cell clones, CD56+ T cells, EBV-transformed B-cell lines and on a proportion of B cells. SLAM is rapidly induced on naive T cells, TCR gammadelta+ T cells, and B cells following(More)
In this study it is shown that both membrane-bound and soluble forms of signaling lymphocytic activation molecule (SLAM) induce proliferation and Ig synthesis by activated human B cells. Activated B cells express the membrane-bound form of SLAM (mSLAM), the soluble (s) and the cytoplasmic (c) isoforms of SLAM, and the expression levels of mSLAM on B cells(More)
Following the initial events of T cell activation, triggered by binding of specific peptide-MHC complex to the TCR for antigen and engagement of costimulatory molecules, a number of activation molecules are expressed on the cell surface. Many of these molecules regulate T cell function, T-T cell interactions and the interaction of T cells with other cells.(More)
SCID mice transplanted with human fetal liver and thymus (SCID-hu Thy/Liv) provide a unique in-vivo model to study human T-cell development and clonal selection mechanisms. This SCID-hu mouse model can be adapted to study the role of thymic epithelial cells, or bone marrow-derived cells in transplantation tolerance. In addition, these mice have circulating(More)
Type 1 diabetes is caused by autoimmune-mediated β cell destruction leading to insulin deficiency. The histone deacetylase SIRT1 plays an essential role in modulating several age-related diseases. Here we describe a family carrying a mutation in the SIRT1 gene, in which all five affected members developed an autoimmune disorder: four developed type 1(More)