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Minimum L1-norm solutions have been used by many investigators to analyze MEG responses because they provide high spatial resolution images. However, conventional minimum L1-norm approaches suffer from instability in spatial construction, and poor smoothness of the reconstructed source time-courses. Activity commonly "jumps" from one grid point to (usually)(More)
OBJECTIVE Sensory gating assessed via EEG in a paired-click paradigm has often served as a neurophysiological metric of attentional function in schizophrenia. However, the standard EEG measure of sensory gating using the P50 component at electrode Cz does not foster differential assessment of left and right hemisphere contributions. Magnetoencephalography(More)
Despite numerous studies in which hippocampal abnormalities were found, schizophrenia patients' hippocampal neural activity has not been systematically evaluated on a specific hippocampal-dependent task. The transverse-patterning task (TP) is sensitive to the relational mnemonic capabilities of the hippocampus. Ten schizophrenia patients and 10 controls(More)
Impaired auditory sensory gating is considered characteristic of schizophrenia and a marker of the information processing deficit inherent to that disorder. Predominance of negative symptoms also reflects the degree of deficit in schizophrenia and is associated with poorer pre-morbid functioning, lower IQ, and poorer outcomes. However, a consistent(More)
The cortical (auditory and prefrontal) and/or subcortical (thalamic and hippocampal) generators of abnormal electrophysiological responses during sensory gating remain actively debated in the schizophrenia literature. Functional magnetic resonance imaging has the spatial resolution for disambiguating deep or simultaneous sources but has been relatively(More)
Traditional neuropsychological tests of visual and verbal memory have been used to evaluate memory deficits in schizophrenia. However, these tests cannot be used in non-human animal research, which is important for the discovery of treatments that will improve cognition and for study of the etiology of schizophrenia. To help bridge the gap between human and(More)
The time course of the schizophrenia auditory gating deficit may provide clues to mechanisms of impaired cognition. Magnetoencephalography was recorded during a standard paired-click paradigm. Using source strength of the M50 and M100 components for each click, calculated from dipole locations identified as underlying each component for the first click, a(More)
OBJECTIVE An integrated analysis using Electroencephalography (EEG) and magnetoencephalography (MEG) is introduced to study abnormalities in early cortical responses to auditory stimuli in schizophrenia. METHODS Auditory responses were recorded simultaneously using EEG and MEG from 20 patients with schizophrenia and 19 control subjects. Bilateral superior(More)
A non-invasive method for observing the functioning of the hippocampus could be invaluable in understanding the role of hippocampal abnormalities in many brain disorders. Transverse patterning, a hippocampal-dependent memory task, was used in an attempt to study the functioning hippocampus. Subjects performed transverse patterning while whole-head MEG data(More)
The present study developed a fast MEG source imaging technique based on Fast Vector-based Spatio-Temporal Analysis using a L1-minimum-norm (Fast-VESTAL) and then used the method to obtain the source amplitude images of resting-state magnetoencephalography (MEG) signals for different frequency bands. The Fast-VESTAL technique consists of two steps. First,(More)