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We describe several novel analogs of the seco-steroid 1,25(OH)2-vitamin D3[1,25(OH)2D3] and their effects on differentiation and proliferation of HL-60 human myeloid leukemic cells in vitro as well as their effects on calcium metabolism in vivo. The 1 alpha-25(OH)2-16ene-23yne-26,27F6-vitamin D3 is the most potent analog reported to date, having about… (More)
Four acridinium betaines and two ionic surfactants were synthesized, and evaluated as chemical microsensor coatings by exposure to vapors of chloroethyl ethyl sulfide (CEES) and dimethyl methylphosphonate (DMMP). Two of the acridinium betaines showed selective and reversible responses (of 9.8 and 6.8 kHz) as SAW (surface acoustic wave) coatings in the… (More)
Palladium-catalyzed heterocyclization-coupling sequences have been developed starting from buta-1,2,3-trienyl carbinols and electron-deficient alkenes. Polysubstituted furans are formed where the heterocyclic ring originates from the elements of the butatrienyl carbinol while the electron-deficient olefin is incorporated as a C-3 substituent. In most cases,… (More)
Tetrahydropyridines carrying pendant halide functionality at the enamine beta-carbon have been prepared by condensation between appropriately functionalized aldehydes and a vinylogous Mannich adduct. Those enamines display divergent behavior in radical and Heck reactions. Thus, radical addition takes place in a 5-exo-trig fashion whereas Heck couplings… (More)
A two-step one-pot synthesis of 2,3,5-trisubstituted furans 8 from 4,5-epoxyalk-2-ynyl esters 6 is described. The sequence is initiated by a SmI2-promoted reduction that takes advantage of the ability of the alkynyloxirane moiety present in 6 to accept electrons from SmI2. The resulting organosamarium species then eliminates an adjacent acetate or benzoate… (More)
[Reaction: see text]. Condensation of a readily available 5-amino-2-alkenoate ester with alpha-unsubstituted aliphatic aldehydes leads to substituted 1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyridines. Subsequent manipulation of the ester and enamine functions gives a quick access to 2-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonane-containing compounds.
Condensation between aldehydes and the secondary amino function of 5-(aminoalkyl)furan-2(5H)-ones, obtained by the silyloxyfuran dienolate addition to imine-type derivatives, produces either aminoalkylbenzotriazoles or 1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyridines. The former can be reduced with SmI2 to generate alpha-aminoalkyl radicals that are trapped by the… (More)