José Luis Venero

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We have performed a detailed in situ hybridization study of the distribution of aquaporin-4 messenger RNA in the CNS. Contrary to expectation, we demonstrate that aquaporin-4 is ubiquitously expressed in the CNS. Strong hybridization labeling was detected in multiple olfactory areas, cortical cells, medial habenular nucleus, bed nucleus of the stria(More)
We have injected lipopolysaccharide (LPS) into the nigrostriatal pathway of rats in order to address the role of inflammation in Parkinson's disease (PD). LPS induced a strong macrophage/microglial reaction in Substantia nigra (SN), with a characteristic clustering of macrophage cells around blood-vessels. The SN was far more sensitive than the striatum to(More)
Activation of microglia and inflammation-mediated neurotoxicity are suggested to play a decisive role in the pathogenesis of several neurodegenerative disorders. Activated microglia release pro-inflammatory factors that may be neurotoxic. Here we show that the orderly activation of caspase-8 and caspase-3/7, known executioners of apoptotic cell death,(More)
In this review, we have tried to summarize most available data dealing with the aquaporin (AQP) family of water channels in the CNS. Two aquaporins have been identified so far in the CNS, AQP1 and AQP4. AQP1 is restricted to the choroid plexus of the lateral ventricles, which raises a role for this aquaporin in cerebrospinal fluid formation. AQP4 is the(More)
Inflammation could be involved in some neurodegenerative disorders that accompany signs of inflammation. However, because sensitivity to inflammation is not equal in all brain structures, a direct relationship is not clear. Our aim was to test whether some physiological circumstances, such as stress, could enhance susceptibility to inflammation in the(More)
 Since specific proteins responsible for water transport (aquaporins, AQPs) have been identified in a great variety of tissues, we decided to study the presence of AQP3 in the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) of Wistar rats. Poly(A+) RNA was purified from the mucosa of the stomach, jejunum, ileum and colon, and gross detection of AQP3 mRNA was done by Northern(More)
We have evaluated the potential neuroprotectant activity of minocycline in an animal model of Parkinson's disease induced by intranigral injection of lipopolysaccharide. Minocycline treatment was very effective in protecting number of nigral dopaminergic neurons and loss of reactive astrocytes at 7 days postlesion. Evaluation of microglia revealed that(More)
Peripheral inflammation could play a role in the origin and development of certain neurodegenerative disorders. To ascertain this possibility, a model of dopaminergic neurodegeneration based on the injection of the inflammatory agent lipopolysaccharide (LPS) within the substantia nigra was assayed in rats with ulcerative colitis (UC) induced by the(More)
The hippocampus is insensitive to strong inflammatory stimulus under normal conditions and one of the most severely affected areas in Alzheimer's disease. We have analyzed the effect of chronic stress for 9 days in the hippocampus unilaterally injected with LPS. In non-stressed rats, LPS injection failed to activate microglia although a subset of(More)
Parkinson’s disease is an irreversible neurodegenerative disease linked to progressive movement disorders and is accompanied by an inflammatory reaction that is believed to contribute to its pathogenesis. Since sensitivity to inflammation is not the same in all brain structures, the aim of this work was to test whether physiological conditions as stress(More)