José Luis Valenti

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The effects of the long term ingestion ofSolanum Glaucophyllum leaves (SG) by the rat was investigated in two series of experiments; the animals were fed a normal (for 8 weeks) or a low Ca diet (for 5 weeks). With both diets, the intestinal absorption of Ca was increased and the endogenous fecal Ca excretion was decreased by SG treatment. Added to a normal(More)
We examined the effects of recombinant rat interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) injections on the parasitologic, serologic, immunologic and histopathologic features of acute and chronic experimental Trypanosoma cruzi (T. cruzi) infections in "l" rats. Upon infection at weaning, two rat groups were allocated to receive a 20-day cycle of IFN-gamma injections, 20,000(More)
A time course study of immobilization osteoporosis was carried out in an experimental model in which the hind half of the rat was paralyzed by spinal section between the 3rd and 4th lumbar vertebrae. The earliest changes in the femur were a reduction in water content and in bone volume (3 days after operation). A significant reduction in both hydroxyproline(More)
Based on the immunomodulatory effects of anesthesia and surgery, a study was undertaken to assess the effect of sevoflurane anesthesia on the immune system in a murine model without surgery. Adult male mice were anesthetized with 3% sevoflurane (1.2 minimal alveolar concentration, MAC) in oxygen for 40 min, whereas nontreated animals served as controls.(More)
Animal and technical models often require repeated anaesthetic administrations for surgical procedures. As there is evidence for immunomodulatory effects of anaesthesia, the effects of repeated exposure to sevoflurane anaesthesia on the immune response in mice were studied. Sevoflurane was administered in vivo under conditions that simulate those in(More)
Control animals and rats infected 90 days earlier, by inoculation of 1 x 10(6) trypomastigotes of Trypanosoma cruzi at weaning, were subjected to adult thymectomy (ATx) or sham operation (S-ATx) and assessed 3 months later for the presence of myocardial lesions and levels of lymph node and spleen T-cell populations. Chronic focal myocarditis (CFM) developed(More)
To ascertain whether maternal infection with Trypanosoma cruzi may influence the course of the parasitic infection in offspring, two groups of female 1 rats were mated with syngeneic sires. One group of females was infected with 10(6) trypomastigotes of T. cruzi three times at weekly intervals. All offspring were nursed by their mothers until weaning and(More)
Infection and tissue damage induced by parasites of an attenuated Trypanosoma cruzi culture strain (TCC) were studied in "I" line of inbred rats. Suckling rats (S), 3-5 day old were inoculated i.p. with 10(6) TCC (S1), 10(7) TCC (S2) and 10(8) TCC (S3). Weaned rats (W), 21-25 day old were inoculated s.c. with 10(6) TCC (W1), 10(7) TCC (W2) and 10(8) TCC(More)
The present study was undertaken in order to demonstrate that reinfection could modify parasitemia, serum antibodies, electrocardiographic patterns and/or myocardial lesions already observed in a rat model. Experimental groups IG: rats infected at weaning with 1 x 10(6) T. cruzi; RG: same as IG plus reinoculations each 30 days until completion on day 150;(More)