José Luis Relova

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It has previously been demonstrated that 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) [1,25(OH)(2)D(3)] administration, whether in cell cultures or in vivo to rats, increases glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) expression levels, suggesting that this hormone may have beneficial effects in neurodegenerative disorders. This study was carried out to explore the(More)
Stereoscopic vision is based on small differences in both retinal images known as retinal disparities. We investigated the cortical responses to retinal disparities in a patient suffering from occipital epilepsy by recording evoked potentials to random dot stereograms (RDS) from subdural electrodes placed in the parieto-occipito-temporal junction, medial(More)
Because of the horizontal separation of both ocular globes, the projection angles are slightly different. These differences are commonly termed retinal disparities. Vertical and horizontal retinal disparities occur constantly in normal life. We have investigated the responses of single cells in cortical areas V1 and V2 of behaving Macaca mulatta monkeys to(More)
Electroretinogram (ERG) changes with age have been studied widely, but there is no general agreement about the age at which ERG parameters reach adult values. We studied 296 eyes from 148 healthy subjects, divided into 14 age groups, ranging from 1 week to 21 years. Although most of the maturational changes or ERG take place during the first six months, the(More)
Comparable short latency somaesthetic responses have been observed in the red nucleus and the motor cortex. Since previous experiments showed that a ventral spinal ascending pathway could account for red nucleus responses, the present experiments were designed to establish whether the same pathway could also transmit the short latency peripheral inputs to(More)
Evidence is presented that in the cat, the spinothalamic system contributes to short latency somaesthetic responses in motor cortex efferent cells. Intracellular recordings performed on identified pyramidal tract cells and corticospinal cells show that these cells are still activated and/or inhibited from the periphery after a set of central nervous lesions(More)
1. The main aim of the present series of experiments was to demonstrate with electrophysiological methods that the spinothalamocortical system may send somesthetic information to the pyramidal and corticospinal tract cells in the motor cortex of the cat. 2. Experiments were carried out on acutely prepared cats anesthetized with alpha-chloralose. Extra- and(More)
INTRODUCTION Although nerves can spontaneously regenerate in the peripheral nervous system without treatment, functional recovery is generally poor, and thus there is a need for strategies to improve nerve regeneration. METHODS The left sciatic nerve of adult rats was transected and immediately repaired by epineurial sutures. Rats were then assigned to(More)
The differences between the two monocular receptive fields of cortical cells were measured and compared to their disparity tuning in the awake behaving monkey. Several receptive field properties (direction selectivity, orientation preference, eye preference and response modulation) were determined for each eye using sweeping bright bars. The disparity(More)