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By the end of the sixteenth century, the monarchy of Philip II had spread beyond the Atlantic and the Americas. In 1565 Castilian troops had conquered the Philippine Islands. That year one of the… (More)
The concern about the Muslim ‘Orient,’ close and menacing, can be easily detected in the Spanish literature during the early modern period. At the same time, the Castilians came into contact with… (More)
This article aims to shed light on the process and mechanisms through which Asian manufactured goods (Chinese silk and porcelain, among others) were commoditised and how markets for such goods were… (More)
In the early seventeenth century, the construction of galleons and high seas warships became an essential strategic concern for the king of Spain, even more so than in the previous century. In 1603...
In New Spain and the rest of the Spanish Empire, only a privileged elite could access Chinesesilk, which began to be traded in the Empire after the opening of the Manila Galleon routein 1571. The… (More)