José Luis Gama-Flores

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Methyl parathion is a commonly used insecticide in Mexico to eradicate insect pests. We evaluated the effects of this insecticide on rotifer B. angularis using both acute and chronic toxicity tests. Median lethal concentration (LC50) of methyl parathion for B. angularis for a 24-h bioassay in the presence and absence of an algal diet was derived. Elevated(More)
Heavy metals are widely recognized as potential toxic agents to zooplankton, yet experiments are usually performed with a continuous exposure to the metal being analyzed. Here we describe experiments that examined the influence of pulsed exposure of the heavy metals copper and cadmium to a parthenogenetic population of the planktonic rotifer Brachionus(More)
Heavy metals may interact with ecological factors such as temperature, food level and salinity, causing both mortality and reduced reproduction in organisms. Among different heavy metals, copper compounds are commonly used for eliminating algal blooms in aquaculture tanks. At certain concentrations, copper is toxic to rotifers. In the present work, we(More)
In this work, we quantified the life table demographic responses of Moina macrocopa daily exposed to three concentrations, 0, 0.08, 0.16, and 0.32 mg l−1 of CdCl2 for 3, 6, 12, and 24 h. These cadmium levels represented 10–50% of the median lethal concentration known for M. macrocopa. In general, increase in CdCl2 concentration and increase in the exposure(More)
We studied the demographic responses of Ceriodaphnia dubia exposed to copper at 3 different levels (0.1, 0.2 and 0.4 mg l(-1)) and at 4 exposure periods (3, 6, 12 and 24 hr) in addition to controls (without the heavy metal). The tested levels of Cu concentration and the chosen periods of exposure affected some demographic variables (average lifespan, gross(More)
Competition among zooplankton is a natural phenomenon and often cladocerans are competitively superior to rotifers. However, anthropogenic factors including the release of industrial effluents, may influence this interaction. In this study, we evaluated the effect of cadmium (0.05 and 0.1 mg L(-1) as CdCl(2)) on competition between the cladoceran Moina(More)
We quantified the combined effects of three food levels (0.01 x 10(6), 0.1 x 10(6) and 1.0 x 10(6) cells ml(-1)) and three temperature levels (15, 20 and 25 degrees C) on the somatic and the clonal population growth of two cladocerans Ceriodaphnia dubia and Daphnia pulex for 24 to 42 days. The somatic growth data showed that both the cladoceran species(More)
In the present work, the combined impact of four concentrations (0, 0.0625, 0.125, and 0.25 mg/L) of methyl parathion and three densities (0.5 x 10(6), 1.0 x 10(6), and 2.0 x 10(6) cells/mL) of the green alga Chlorella vulgaris on the population growth of Euchlanis dilatata was studied. In general, regardless of the food level, an increase in the(More)
Demographic responses and fatty acid profiles of Moina macrocopa were quantified under different temperature regimes (20°C, 25°C and 30°C and diurnally variable 20-30°C) and at fixed ration (10.65µgDWml(-1)) of Chlorella. Highest constant temperature (30°C) reduced the density of M. macrocopa. The cladocerans under the fluctuating temperature regime too had(More)
In this study, we quantified intergenerational, demographic variability of Moina macrocopa subjected to cadmium stress. Exposure of M macrocopa to cadmium (0.2, 0.3, and 0.4 mg/L as CdCl2) through 4 consecutive generations revealed changes in demographic responses not only in survivorship variables but also in reproductive parameters. Long-term demographic(More)