José-Luis Gómez

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The genetic parameters of digestibilities for a wheat-based diet were estimated on 864 broilers. Two divergent lines (D+ and D-) were developed based on AMEn. The Rialto wheat variety was used as it is known to result in low digestibility values. Digestibility of lipids (DL), starch (DS), and proteins (DP) were measured individually using Near Infrared(More)
OBJECTIVE Because the secretion of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), the exclusive source of sex steroids in postmenopausal women, is already decreased by 60% and continues to decline at the time of menopause, the objective of this study was to examine the effect of intravaginal DHEA on the symptoms and signs of vaginal atrophy. METHODS This prospective,(More)
The aim of the present study was to reexamine the effects of intestinal viscosity, microflora, and bile salts, and their interactions in order to clarify the mechanisms that explain the effect of intestinal viscosity on lipid digestibility, especially those that could involve microflora. Effects of intestinal viscosity, microflora status, and dietary bile(More)
The aim of this experiment was to compare the D(+) and D(-) chicken lines genetically selected for divergent digestion efficiency by testing the effects of diet particle size on growth performances, digestion efficiencies, and digestive organ weights in both lines. A 2 x 3 factorial arrangement of treatments was used to test the D(+) and D(-) lines (sixth(More)
1. Two experiments were conducted, using both adult cockerels from a layer strain and 3-week-old broiler chickens. In the first experiment, one of the 2 diets investigated was composed mainly of maize and soyabean meals, the other one containing the latter ingredients diluted with 475 g/kg mature pea seeds. For these 2 diets, the apparent metabolisable(More)
The aim of the experiment was to study the effects of 2 wheat cultivars (Baltimor and Scipion) with different hardness values (75 and 5, respectively) on 2 divergent lines (D+ and D-) of broiler chickens selected on the basis of their digestion ability assessed by AME(n). Wheat was incorporated at 54.6% in diets. The other main ingredients were soybean meal(More)
1. The aim of the experiment was to establish relationships between chemical or physical characteristics of wheats (Triticum aestivum) and digestibilities of food components in broiler chickens fed on wheat-based diets. Twenty-two wheat samples, each differing by their cultivar origin, were included at 550 g/kg in diets offered to male Ross broiler chicks.(More)
1. Three maize diets containing 0, 1 or 3 g of guar gum per kg and 2 wheat diets were given to male broiler chickens for measurements of growth performance and nutrient digestibility. 2. The intestinal viscosities found with wheat diets were within the range of those observed with the 3 maize diets. The correlations between in vivo and in vitro viscosities(More)
OBJECTIVE Approximately 50% of postmenopausal women suffer from vaginal atrophy, and a large proportion of them choose intravaginal estrogen preparations administered for local action to avoid systemic exposure to estrogens and its associated risk of breast and uterine cancer. The primary objective of this study was the evaluation of the systematic(More)
The first aim of the experiment was to study the effect of wheat (Triticum aestivum) particle size on the digestibility of starch in a pelleted diet given to broilers. The second aim was to study the consequences of food deprivation before the excreta collection period (from 21 to 24 d). Wheat from a strong hardness cultivar was incorporated at 546.1 g/kg(More)