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UNLABELLED Arsenic and cadmium are toxic metals of environmental significance with harmful effects on man. To study the toxicological and biochemical effects of arsenic/cadmium in mammals a combined metallomic and metabolomic approach has been developed, complemented with the measurement of biochemical parameters in blood and histopathological evaluation of(More)
Biological effects of metals were studied in clams (Scrobicularia plana) transplanted to Guadalquivir estuary (Spain) at several times after the spill of toxic metals from Aznalcóllar pyrite mine (southwest Spain) (April 1998) using biochemical biomarkers responsive to reactive oxygen species. Significant As, Cd, Fe, Mn, Ni, and Pb uptake was found in clams(More)
The stability of both tributyltin (TBT) and triphenyltin (TPT) in water, sediment, oysters and cockles was studied over a period of 18 months using several storage conditions. Butyltins were stable in unacidified sea-water stored in polycarbonate bottles in the dark at 4 degrees C for 7 months, but half of the TBT concentration was lost after 540 d. A(More)
Imposex in the gastropod Hinia reticulata, a bioindicator for tributyltin (TBT) contamination, was investigated in locations at different distances from the Oporto harbour-dredged material discharge site. The degree of imposex found was inversely related to the distance to the discharge site, the highest imposex frequency being found closest to the(More)
In this study, we demonstrated the potential of direct infusion mass spectrometry for the lipidomic characterization of Alzheimer's disease. Serum samples were extracted for lipids recovery, and directly analyzed using an electrospray source. Metabolomic fingerprints were subjected to multivariate analysis in order to discriminate between groups of patients(More)
There is high interest in the discovery of early diagnostic biomarkers of Alzheimer's disease, for which metabolomics exhibits a great potential. In this work, a metabolomic approach based on ultrafiltration and analysis by CE-MS has been used to obtain representative fingerprints of polar metabolites from serum samples in order to distinguish between(More)
An arsenic chemical speciation study was performed in 2000, using air filters on which total suspended particles (TSP) were collected, from the city of Huelva, a medium size city with huge industrial influence in SW Spain. Different procedures for extraction of the arsenic species were performed using water, NH2OH.HCl, and H3PO4 solutions, with either(More)
Metabolomic analysis of brain tissue from transgenic mouse models of Alzheimer's disease has demonstrated a great potential for the study of pathological mechanisms and the development of new therapies and biomarkers for diagnosis. However, in order to translate these investigations to the clinical practice it is necessary to corroborate these findings in(More)
Mercury and arsenic are two elements of undoubted importance owing to their toxic character. Although speciation of these elements has been developed separately, in this work for the first time the speciation of As and Hg using two atomic fluorescence detectors in a sequential ensemble is presented. A coupling based on the combination of high-performance(More)
UNLABELLED Metals are important components of living organisms since many biological functions critically depend on their interaction with some metal in the cell. However, human activities have increased toxic metal levels in the terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems affecting living organisms. The impact of metals on cellular metabolism and global homeostasis(More)