José Luis Dueñas

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Leptin (Ob), the peripheral signal produced by the adipocyte to regulate energy metabolism, can also be produced by placenta, where it may work as an autocrine hormone. Recently, we have demonstrated that leptin promotes proliferation and survival of trophoblastic cells. In the present work we aimed to study the signal transduction pathways that mediate the(More)
Leptin was originally considered as an adipocyte-derived signaling molecule for the central control of metabolism. However, pleiotropic effects of leptin have been identified in reproduction and pregnancy, particularly in placenta, where it may work as an autocrine hormone, mediating angiogenesis, growth, and immunomodulation. Leptin receptor (LEPR, also(More)
The performance of MLCu-250 IUDs inserted in 525 nulligravid women was studied for four years and is compared to the results obtained in the same period from 2770 parous women using TCu-200, 7Cu-200 and Nova-T IUDs. In every case the choice of the particular IUD model took into account hysterometry and diameter of the inner cervical orifice in order to aim(More)
We conducted a personal interview of 2136 Spanish women aged 15 to 49 years with the aim of determining the contraceptive attitudes of this population. A stratified random sampling was performed to select the women who were to be interviewed, and this sampling design ensured adequate representation of the sample in Spain. At the time of the survey, only(More)
Leptin, a 16-kDa protein mainly produced by adipose tissue, has been involved in the control of energy balance through its hypothalamic receptor. However, pleiotropic effects of leptin have been identified in reproduction and pregnancy, particularly in placenta, where it was found to be expressed. In the current study, we examined the effect of cAMP in the(More)
Pleiotropic effects of leptin have been identified in reproduction and pregnancy, particularly in the placenta, where it works as an autocrine hormone. In this work, we demonstrated that human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) added to JEG-3 cell line or to placental explants induces endogenous leptin expression. We also found that hCG increased cAMP(More)
Placentas from gestational diabetes (GDM) suffer from structural and functional changes including overgrowth. That is why we aimed to study [³H]-leucine incorporation into protein in addition to translation signaling in placenta from GDM. Thus, we investigated the expression of leptin and leptin receptor (LEPR), as well as the activation state of signaling(More)
The placenta produces a wide number of molecules that play essential roles in the establishment and maintenance of pregnancy. In this context, leptin has emerged as an important player in reproduction. The synthesis of leptin in normal trophoblastic cells is regulated by different endogenous biochemical agents, but the regulation of placental leptin(More)
The vaginal route of drug administration provides women with a valid alternative to more conventional methods of contraception. Drugs absorbed in the upper part of the vagina can bypass the liver and, if metabolized, are subject to a reduced hepatic first-pass effect. Current vaginally-administered contraceptive formulations deliver similar doses of(More)
The process of embryo implantation and trophoblast invasion is considered the most limiting factor in the establishment of pregnancy. Leptin was originally described as an adipocyte-derived signaling molecule for the central control of metabolism. However, it has been suggested that leptin is involved in other functions during pregnancy, particularly in the(More)