José Luis Capelo

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This paper describes the dramatic activity enhancement of two proteolytic enzymes (protease XIV and subtilisin) when treated with an ultrasonic probe and their application to total Se determination and Se speciation in biological samples. Total Se extraction from enriched yeast is performed with 10 mg of yeast plus 1 mg of protease with a sonication time of(More)
Two higher plants (Platanus occidentalis and Pinus sylvestris) were used as bioindicators for assessment of contamination by Pb and Cd in an urban and industrialized area. Both toxic metals in plant tissue were determined by transverse-heated electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry-longitudinal Zeeman background correction combined with automated(More)
Climate change has pervasive effects on marine ecosystems, altering biodiversity patterns, abundance and distribution of species, biological interactions, phenology, and organisms' physiology, performance and fitness. Fish early life stages have narrow thermal windows and are thus more vulnerable to further changes in water temperature. The aim of this(More)
The field of selenium speciation has been studied for decades and the growing interest in this field seems never to reach a plateau. Although powerful techniques based on mass spectrometry are nowadays used for selenium determination/speciation, few laboratories can support the high cost of such techniques. The hyphenation of chromatography to atomic(More)
Recent tools addressed to accelerate the different steps of the sample treatment for protein identification in modern workflows are reviewed and critically commented in this manuscript. Heating, microspin columns, ultrasonic energy, high pressure, infrared energy, microwave energy, alternating electric fields and microreactors are outlined as useful tools(More)
Mass spectrometry is one of the most important techniques in the field of proteomics. MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry has become popular during the last decade due to its high speed and sensitivity for detecting proteins and peptides. MALDI-TOF-MS can be also used in combination with Machine Learning techniques and statistical methods for knowledge discovery.(More)
Proteolytic digestion of proteins in seconds under an ultrasonic field provided by high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) has been achieved. Successful in-solution and in-gel tryptic digestion of proteins in 60 s or less was demonstrated by either MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry or liquid chromatography-electrospray ion trap mass spectrometry(More)
Nowadays the control of pesticides in honey is an issue of primary health importance as consequence of the increasing content of these chemicals in the aforementioned matrix. This poisoning has led to the worldwide increasing loss of bees since 1995. From Europe to Canada, scientist, beekeepers and chemical companies disagree about the reasons that have led(More)
Two different ultrasonic energy sources, the sonoreactor and the ultrasonic probe, are compared for enzymatic digestion of proteins for protein identification by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS) using the peptide mass fingerprint (PMF) procedure. Variables such as (i) trypsin/protein ratio; (ii)(More)
Pressurized liquid extraction (PLE) applying three extraction cycles, temperature and pressure, improved the efficiency of solvent extraction when compared with the classical Soxhlet extraction. Polychlorinated-p-dioxins (PCDDs), polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs) and dioxin-like PCBs (coplanar polychlorinated biphenyls (Co-PCBs)) in two Certified(More)