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There have been many advances in our knowledge about different aspects of P2Y receptor signaling since the last review published by our International Union of Pharmacology subcommittee. More receptor subtypes have been cloned and characterized and most orphan receptors de-orphanized, so that it is now possible to provide a basis for a future subdivision of(More)
The hepatic expression of the ATP-dependent conjugate export pump multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 (Mrp2) is diminished in experimentally induced models of cholestasis. In this study we have examined the localization and expression of Mrp3, another member of the multidrug resistance-associated protein family, in normal liver and after obstructive(More)
A method has been developed for routine high yield separation of canalicular (cLPM) from basolateral (blLPM) liver plasma membrane vesicles of rat liver. Using a combination of rate zonal floatation (TZ-28 zonal rotor, Sorvall) and high speed centrifugation through discontinuous sucrose gradients, 9-16 mg of cLPM and 15-28 mg of blLPM protein can be(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS This study assessed the expression of the recently identified adenosine triphosphate-dependent bile salt export pump and the functional ability to excrete bile salts in cholestatic models in the rat. METHODS The effects of common bile duct ligation, endotoxin, and ethinylestradiol on bile salt export pump messenger RNA levels, protein(More)
1. The coding sequence of the P2Y1-purinoceptor was cloned from a human genomic library. 2. The open reading frame encodes a protein of 373 amino acids that is 83% identical to the previously cloned chick and turkey P2Y1-purinoceptor and is > or = 95% homologous to the recently cloned rat, mouse, and bovine P2Y1-purinoceptors. 3. The human P2Y1-purinoceptor(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Cholestasis results in adaptive regulation of bile salt transport proteins in hepatocytes that may limit liver injury. However, it is not known if changes also occur in the expression of bile salt transporters that reside in extrahepatic tissues, particularly the kidney, which might facilitate bile salt excretion during obstructive(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The excretion of various organic anions into bile is mediated by an adenosine triphosphate-dependent conjugate export pump, which has been identified as the canalicular isoform of the multidrug resistance protein (Mrp2). Mrp2 function is impaired in various experimental models of intrahepatic and obstructive cholestasis, but the underlying(More)
The canalicular membrane of rat hepatocytes contains an ATP-dependent multispecific organic anion transporter, also named multidrug resistance protein 2, that is responsible for the biliary secretion of several amphiphilic organic anions. This transport function is markedly diminished in mutant rats that lack the transport protein. To assess the role of(More)
The antagonist activity of N6-methyl 2'-deoxyadenosine 3',5'-bisphosphate (N6MABP) has been examined at the phospholipase C-coupled P2Y1 receptor of turkey erythrocyte membranes. N6MABP antagonized 2MeSATP-stimulated inositol phosphate hydrolysis with a potency approximately 20 fold greater than the previously studied parent molecule, adenosine(More)
Extracellular adenine nucleotides interact with P2-purinergic receptors to regulate a broad range of physiological processes. These receptors include the P2Y-, P2U-, P2T-, P2X-, and P2Z-purinergic receptor subtypes. This review focuses on the first three of these receptor subtypes, which couple to G proteins and regulate the inositol lipid, cyclic AMP, and(More)