José Luís Ortiz

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Leukotrienes (LT) are potent spasmogenic agents in human isolated bronchial and pulmonary venous muscle preparations. Treatment of human isolated pulmonary veins with the L-serine borate complex (45 mM; 30 min) did not alter the LTC4 pD2 values in these preparations. The cysteinyl LT antagonists, ICI 198615, MK 571 and SKF 104353, significantly shifted to(More)
1. Cysteinyl-leukotrienes cause contractions and/or relaxations of human isolated pulmonary vascular preparations. Although, the localization and nature of the receptors through which these effects are mediated have not been fully characterized, some effects are indirect and not mediated via the well-described LT1 receptor. 2. In human pulmonary veins (HPV)(More)
There is currently interest in the potential use of selective inhibitors of cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases (PDE) in the treatment of asthma. In this study we examined the effects of three selective PDE inhibitors, milrinone (PDE III), rolipram (PDE IV) and zaprinast (PDE V), on the broncoconstriction produced by antigen and histamine, the airway(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Pulmonary arteries from smokers and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients show abnormal endothelium-dependent vascular reactivity. We studied the effect of cigarette smoke extract (CSE) on endothelin receptor B (ET(B) ) expression in human pulmonary artery endothelial cells (HPAECs) and its role in endothelial dysfunction. (More)
Cigarette smoke mediated oxidative stress and endothelial dysfunction are important processes in the pathogenesis of several lung disorders. In this study we evaluated the effect of PDE5 inhibition on pulmonary artery endothelial dysfunction induced by cigarette smoke in vitro. Human pulmonary artery endothelial cells (HPAEC) were incubated in the absence(More)
Fast (−7°C/min) cooling of guinea-pig isolated trachea produced a rapidly developing, transient contraction followed by relaxation. Cooling-induced contraction was dependent on temperature (30, 20 or 10°C) and responses in trachea obtained from actively sensitized guinea pigs were significantly greater (20 and 10°-C) than those observed in normal trachea.(More)
Rolipram (0.1-1000 micrograms kg-1, i.v.) reduced the increase in microvascular permeability induced by platelet-activating factor (PAF; 50 ng kg-1, i.v.) at different sites of the guinea-pig airways. Rolipram (1-100 micrograms kg-1, i.v.) inhibited histamine (30 micrograms kg-1, i.v.)- and bradykinin (0.3 micrograms kg-1, i.v.)-induced airway microvascular(More)
The spasmogenic activity of caffeine (10 mM) was evaluated in tracheal strips obtained from control and sensitized guinea-pigs then pretreated with indomethacin (2.8 microM) and cooled to 20 degrees C. The contraction elicited by caffeine was inhibited by verapamil (100 microM), trifluoperazine (100 and 500 microM) and dantrolene (50 and 500 microM) in the(More)
The responsiveness of tracheal and lung parenchymal strips isolated from actively sensitized guinea-pigs to CaCl2 (in K+-depolarized tissue), KCl, acetylcholine and histamine was compared with that of strips from unsensitized animals. The concentration-response curves to the mentioned agonists exhibited, in the sensitized group, a left upward displacement(More)
Responses to KCl and histamine and 45Ca movements were studied in trachea from normal and actively sensitized guinea-pigs. Sensitized tracheas were hyperresponsive and hypersensitive to KCl and histamine. 45Ca uptake experiments show that sensitized tracheal muscle behaves as normal except that the uptake of 45Ca in low concentration (0.03 mM) Ca2+ solution(More)