José Lorenzana

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Cupric oxide is multiferroic at unusually high temperatures. From density functional calculations we find that the low-T magnetic phase is paraelectric, and the higher-T one is ferroelectric with a size and direction of polarization in good agreement with experiments. By mapping the ab initio results on to an effective spin model, we show that the system(More)
High-temperature superconductors exhibit a characteristic hourglass-shaped spectrum of magnetic fluctuations which most likely contribute to the pairing glue in the cuprates. Recent neutron scattering experiments in strongly underdoped compounds have revealed a significant low energy anisotropy of these fluctuations which we explain by a model in which(More)
In several materials, unconventional superconductivity appears nearby a quantum phase transition where long-range magnetic order vanishes as a function of a control parameter like charge doping, pressure or magnetic field. The nature of the quantum phase transition is of key relevance, because continuous transitions are expected to favour superconductivity,(More)
Empirical evidence in heavy fermion, pnictide and other systems suggests that unconventional superconductivity appears associated to some form of real-space electronic order. For the cuprates, despite several proposals, the emergence of order in the phase diagram between the commensurate antiferromagnetic state and the superconducting state is not well(More)
The MIT Faculty has made this article openly available. Please share how this access benefits you. Your story matters. The phonon-mediated attractive interaction between carriers leads to the Cooper pair formation in conventional superconductors. Despite decades of research, the glue holding Cooper pairs in high-temperature superconducting cuprates is still(More)
We present a model for describing the combined presence of nematic and 'smectic' or stripe-like orders seen in recent scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) experiments on cuprates. The smectic order is treated as an electronic charge density wave with an associated Peierls distortion or a 'Pomeranchuk wave'. This primary order is restricted to nanoscale(More)
In Kohn-Sham density functional theory (DFT) the interacting electron problem is mapped into a noninteracting problem in an effective potential v(KS). It is known that the charge gap of the interacting system is different from the gap of the effective problem due to a jump Δxc in v(KS) when an electron is added but its magnitude and its role in the(More)
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