Learn More
Cohesins, which have been characterized in budding yeast and Xenopus, are multisubunit protein complexes involved in sister chromatid cohesion. Regulation of the interactions among different cohesin subunits and the assembly/disassembly of the cohesin complex to chromatin are key steps in chromosome segregation. We previously characterized the mammalian(More)
The behavior of meiotic chromosomes differs in several respects from that of their mitotic counterparts, resulting in the generation of genetically distinct haploid cells. This has been attributed in part to a meiosis-specific chromatin-associated protein structure, the synaptonemal complex. This complex consist of two parallel axial elements, each one(More)
We targeted the locus encoding the cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (CDK2) by homologous recombination in mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells. Embryonic fibroblasts lacking CDK2 proliferate normally and become immortal after continuous passage in culture. Elimination of a conditional Cdk2 allele in immortal cells does not have a significant effect on proliferation.(More)
Maintenance and precise regulation of sister chromatid cohesion is essential to ensure correct attachment of chromosomes to the spindle, thus preserving genome integrity by correct chromosome segregation. Errors in these processes often lead to aneuploidy, frequently implicated in cell death and/or tumor development. The so-called cohesin complexes are(More)
The penicillin acylase (PAC) from Kluyvera citrophila ATCC21285 has been purified to homogeneity and found to be composed of two non-identical subunits of 23 and 62 kDa, in contrast with the previous findings [Shimizu et al., Agr. Biol. Chem. 39 (1975) 1655-1661]. The nucleotide (nt) sequence of the K. citrophila pac gene contained in the 3-kb PvuI-HindIII(More)
Shugoshin-2 (SGOL2) is one of the two mammalian orthologs of the Shugoshin/Mei-S322 family of proteins that regulate sister chromatid cohesion by protecting the integrity of the multiprotein cohesin complexes. This protective system is essential for faithful chromosome segregation during mitosis and meiosis, which is the physical basis of Mendelian(More)
BACKGROUND The coordination of cell cycle events is necessary to ensure the proper duplication and dissemination of the genome. In this study, we examine the consequences of depleting Drad21 and SA, two non-SMC subunits of the cohesin complex, by dsRNA-mediated interference in Drosophila cultured cells. RESULTS We have shown that a bona fide cohesin(More)
Shugoshin (SGO) is a family of proteins that protect centromeric cohesin complexes from release during mitotic prophase and from degradation during meiosis I. Two mammalian SGO paralogues - SGO1 and SGO2 - have been identified, but their distribution and function during mammalian meiosis have not been reported. Here, we analysed the expression of SGO2(More)
STAG/SA proteins are specific cohesin complex subunits that maintain sister chromatid cohesion in mitosis and meiosis. Two members of this family, STAG1/SA1 and STAG2/SA2,double dagger are classified as mitotic cohesins, as they are found in human somatic cells and in Xenopus laevis as components of the cohesin(SA1) and cohesin(SA2) complexes, in which the(More)
An efficient system was developed to produce, in Escherichia coli, large amounts of native alpha-sarcin (alpha Sar), a cytotoxin from the mold Aspergillus giganteus. The protein has been purified to homogeneity with a yield of 1.5 micrograms/ml of original culture. The constructed expression vector (pINPG alpha S) is based on the synthesis of a fusion(More)