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Cohesins, which have been characterized in budding yeast and Xenopus, are multisubunit protein complexes involved in sister chromatid cohesion. Regulation of the interactions among different cohesin subunits and the assembly/disassembly of the cohesin complex to chromatin are key steps in chromosome segregation. We previously characterized the mammalian(More)
The behavior of meiotic chromosomes differs in several respects from that of their mitotic counterparts, resulting in the generation of genetically distinct haploid cells. This has been attributed in part to a meiosis-specific chromatin-associated protein structure, the synaptonemal complex. This complex consist of two parallel axial elements, each one(More)
Maintenance and precise regulation of sister chromatid cohesion is essential to ensure correct attachment of chromosomes to the spindle, thus preserving genome integrity by correct chromosome segregation. Errors in these processes often lead to aneuploidy, frequently implicated in cell death and/or tumor development. The so-called cohesin complexes are(More)
BACKGROUND The coordination of cell cycle events is necessary to ensure the proper duplication and dissemination of the genome. In this study, we examine the consequences of depleting Drad21 and SA, two non-SMC subunits of the cohesin complex, by dsRNA-mediated interference in Drosophila cultured cells. RESULTS We have shown that a bona fide cohesin(More)
Proteins of sister chromatid cohesion are important for maintenance of meiotic chromosome structure and retention of homologous chromosomes in bivalents during diplotene. Localization of the cohesion proteins within nuclei of growing oocytes merits special attention, particularly in avian oocytes, in which diplotene chromosomes assume the form of lampbrush(More)
We targeted the locus encoding the cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (CDK2) by homologous recombination in mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells. Embryonic fibroblasts lacking CDK2 proliferate normally and become immortal after continuous passage in culture. Elimination of a conditional Cdk2 allele in immortal cells does not have a significant effect on proliferation.(More)
Cohesins are chromosomal proteins that form complexes involved in the maintenance of sister chromatid cohesion during division of somatic and germ cells. Three meiosis-specific cohesin subunits have been reported in mammals, REC8, STAG3 and SMC1 beta; their expression in mouse spermatocytes has also been described. Here we studied the localization of(More)
Meiosis is a fundamental process that generates new combinations between maternal and paternal genomes and haploid gametes from diploid progenitors. Many of the meiosis-specific events stem from the behavior of the cohesin complex (CC), a proteinaceous ring structure that entraps sister chromatids until the onset of anaphase. CCs ensure chromosome(More)
Shugoshin (SGO) is a family of proteins that protect centromeric cohesin complexes from release during mitotic prophase and from degradation during meiosis I. Two mammalian SGO paralogues - SGO1 and SGO2 - have been identified, but their distribution and function during mammalian meiosis have not been reported. Here, we analysed the expression of SGO2(More)
Marsupial sex chromosomes break the rule that recombination during first meiotic prophase is necessary to ensure reductional segregation during first meiotic division. It is widely accepted that in marsupials X and Y chromosomes do not share homologous regions, and during male first meiotic prophase the synaptonemal complex is absent between them. Although(More)