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A 0.8-kilobase fragment from the 5'-flanking region of a French bean beta-phaseolin gene yielded strong, temporally regulated, and embryo-specific expression of beta-glucuronidase (GUS) in transgenic tobacco plants, paralleling that found for the seed protein phaseolin [Sengupta-Gopalan, C., Reichert, N.A., Barker, R.F., Hall. T.C., and Kemp, J.D. (1985)(More)
Genes encoding helianthinin, the major seed protein in sunflower, are highly regulated. We have identified putative cis-acting and trans-acting elements that may function in the control of helianthinin expression. A 404-base pair DNA fragment on the sunflower helianthinin gene HaG3D, located 322 base pairs from the transcriptional start site, enhanced(More)
A small heat shock protein (sHSP) gene from sunflower, Ha hsp17.6 G1, showed expression patterns that differ from what is known for members of this gene family. The mRNAs of this gene accumulated in seeds during late desiccation stages of zygotic embryogenesis but not in response to heat shock in vegetative tissues. The failure to respond to heat shock was(More)
Chimeric constructs containing the promoter and upstream sequences of Ha hsp17.6 G1, a small heat shock protein gene, reproduced in transgenic tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) its unique seed-specific expression patterns previously reported in sunflower. These constructs did not respond to heat shock, but were expressed without exogenous stress during late(More)
Transgenic tobacco expression was analysed of chimeric genes with point mutations in the heat shock element (HSE) arrays of a small heat shock protein (sHSP) gene from sunflower: Ha hsp17.7 G4. The promoter was developmentally regulated during zygotic embryogenesis and responded to heat stress in vegetative tissues. Mutations in the HSE affected nucleotides(More)
Transient expression analyses in sunflower embryos demonstrated that ABI3, a seed-specific transcription factor from Arabidopsis, activated chimaeric genes with the Ha hsp17.7 G4 promoter. Nucleotide substitutions at crucial positions of heat shock cis-elements established that they are required for the transcriptional activation involving ABI3.(More)
A significant number of human tumors from diverse histological origins contain c-K-ras oncogenes which have been activated by somatic point mutations resulting in single amino acids substitutions in the encoded p21 ras protein. In addition to these qualitative changes, other genetic alterations leading to increased expression of the c-K-ras gene, especially(More)
The chromatin structure of the human c-K-ras gene has been investigated in various cultured normal and tumor human cells and in a rat cell line transformed with the human oncogene. The promoter region is hypersensitive to DNAse I, micrococcal nuclease, endogenous nucleases and to S1 nuclease in supercoiled plasmids. This hypersensitive region is present in(More)
The nucleotide sequence of the 5' end distal region of the human c-K-ras gene promoter was determined. This region, coincident with a variable DNAse I hypersensitive site in native chromatin, contains sequence similarities with known enhancers. A 400 bp MstII DNA fragment of this region stimulated in cis the correctly initiated transcription of the human(More)