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Mutations in LACERATA (LCR), FIDDLEHEAD (FDH), and BODYGUARD (BDG) cause a complex developmental syndrome that is consistent with an important role for these Arabidopsis genes in cuticle biogenesis. The genesis of their pleiotropic phenotypes is, however, poorly understood. We provide evidence that neither distorted depositions of cutin, nor deficiencies in(More)
The major function of the plant epidermis is to form the cuticle, a functional permeability barrier of the cell wall which prevents excessive water loss and the entry of harmful substances and pathogens into the host. This type of cell wall modification is mainly composed of a polyester matrix, cutin, and soluble waxes embedded in the matrix and deposited(More)
High-density oligonucleotide arrays are widely used for analysis of gene expression on a genomic scale, but the generated data remain largely inaccessible for comparative analysis purposes. Similarity searches in databases with differentially expressed gene (DEG) lists may be used to assign potential functions to new genes and to identify potential chemical(More)
Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) fruit ripening is accompanied by an increase in CHALCONE SYNTHASE (CHS) activity and flavonoid biosynthesis. Flavonoids accumulate in the cuticle, giving its characteristic orange color that contributes to the eventual red color of the ripe fruit. Using virus-induced gene silencing in fruits, we have down-regulated the(More)
During the development of Arabidopsis and other land plants, diffusion barriers are formed in the apoplast of specialized tissues within a variety of plant organs. While the cuticle of the epidermis is the primary diffusion barrier in the shoot, the Casparian strips and suberin lamellae of the endodermis and the periderm represent the diffusion barriers in(More)
Lipids produced by the epidermis serve a number of protective functions, and also act as messengers which activate plant defense responses. The fatty acid elongases which catalyze the formation of very long-chain fatty acids, may be instrumental in the remodeling of the various classes of epidermal lipids, and they also provide a means with which to further(More)
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