Learn More
BACKGROUND Pyogenic liver abscess is a threatening condition. The purpose of this study was to audit the clinical behavior and to analyze the risk factors. METHODS One hundred and thirty-three patients treated in five hospitals during the years 1985 to 1997 were studied. By univariate and multivariate analysis we tried to identify any risk factor(More)
The aim of the present study was to determine the profile of immune responsiveness that differentiates patients with tuberculosis (TB) from healthy tuberculin-positive controls. Forty-five patients with pulmonary TB and 16 healthy tuberculin-positive controls, all human immunodeficiency virus negative, were studied. Patients had decreased reactivity to(More)
The Nramp1 gene controls macrophage resistance or susceptibility to several intracellular microorganisms; however, there is conflicting evidence regarding its role during infection with virulent Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Nitric oxide (NO) is a potent antimycobacterial agent produced by macrophages, which is also regulated by Nramp1. The in vitro ability(More)
BACKGROUND We assessed the results of adrenalectomy for solid tumor metastases in 317 patients recruited from 30 European centers. METHODS Patients with histologically proven adrenal metastatic disease and undergoing complete removal(s) of the affected gland(s) were eligible. RESULTS Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) was the most frequent tumor type(More)
Production of nitrix oxide (NO-) by human macrophages is controversial. In the present study, the ability of human monocyte-derived macrophages (M phi) to produce NO- in response to M phi modulators was tested. M phi cultured for up to nine days and stimulated for 48 with different concentrations of LPS and/or IFN-gamma failed to produce significant amounts(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Cardiovascular malformations (CVM) associated with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) account in part for the high mortality caused by this defect. The aim of this study is to examine the nature of these malformations in a large series of autopsies and to assess if similar defects are also present in rat fetuses with experimental CDH.(More)
Esophageal atresia (EA) is often associated with cardiovascular and other malformations that are likely neural crest derived. The present study tests the hypothesis that the heart and great vessels and the thymus and parathyroids may be abnormal in the rat model of EA as a result of disturbed neural crest development. Time-mated pregnant rats received(More)
INTRODUCTION The search for alternative sources for transplant organs leads us to the search for animals as an inexhaustible source of organs. The objective of this study was to analyze whether livers from polytransgenic pigs expressing the human complement regulatory proteins CD55 (hDAF), CD59, and alfa alpha1,2-fucosyltransferase (H-transferase),(More)
To evaluate the effect of BCG vaccination and T lymphocyte subpopulations on the reactivity to the tuberculin skin test, 113 asymptomatic HIV+ individuals were tuberculin tested by intradermal injection of 5TU of purified protein derivative and the levels of circulating lymphocyte (CD3, CD4 and CD8) subpopulations determined by indirect immunofluorescence.(More)
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a therapy that ensures adequate tissue oxygen delivery in patients suffering cardiac and/or respiratory failure that are unresponsive to conventional therapy. During ECMO, it is common to see a decrease in urine output that may be associated with acute renal failure. In this context, continuous renal replacement(More)