José Ignacio Piruat

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GDNF is a potent neurotrophic factor that protects catecholaminergic neurons from toxic damage and induces fiber outgrowth. However, the actual role of endogenous GDNF in the normal adult brain is unknown, even though GDNF-based therapies are considered promising for neurodegenerative disorders. We have generated a conditional GDNF-null mouse to suppress(More)
We have carried out an in vitro study to investigate the ability of substance P to activate cell growth and the NK1 receptor antagonist L-733,060 to inhibit cell growth in the SKN-BE(2) neuroblastoma and GAMG glioma cell lines. A coulter counter was used to determine viable cell numbers, followed by application of the tetrazolium compound(More)
We have identified two novel yeast genes, THO1 and THO2, that partially suppress the transcription defects of hpr1Delta mutants by overexpression. We show by in vivo transcriptional and recombinational analysis of tho2Delta cells that THO2 plays a role in RNA polymerase II (RNA pol II)-dependent transcription and is required for the stability of DNA(More)
The carotid body (CB) is a neural crest-derived organ whose major function is to sense changes in arterial oxygen tension to elicit hyperventilation in hypoxia. The CB is composed of clusters of neuron-like glomus, or type-I, cells enveloped by glia-like sustentacular, or type-II, cells. Responsiveness of CB to acute hypoxia relies on the inhibition of(More)
The moss Physcomitrella patens, which is a land plant with efficient homologous recombination, encodes two Rad51 proteins (PpaRad51.1 and PpaRad51.2). The PpaRad51.1 and PpaRad51.2 proteins, which share 94 % identity between them, interact with themselves and with each other. Both proteins bind ssDNA and dsDNA in a Mg(2+) and pH-dependent manner, with a(More)
We have obtained genetic and molecular evidence that the hrs2-1 mutation, isolated as a suppressor of the hyperrecombination phenotype of hpr1 delta, is in the SRB2 gene, which encodes a component of the RNA polII holoenzyme. A newly constructed srb2 delta allele restores the wild-type levels of deletions in hpr1 delta cells, indicating that the lack of a(More)
The carotid body (CB) is a neural crest-derived organ whose function is to elicit hyperventilation in response to hypoxemia. The CB contains clusters of neuron-like glomus cells enveloped by glia-like sustentacular cells. CB responsiveness to acute hypoxia relies on the inhibition of O2-sensitive K+ channels in glomus cells, which leads to depolarization,(More)
The induction of recombination by transcription activation has been documented in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Unwinding of the DNA duplex, disruption of chromatin structure or changes in local supercoiling associated with transcription can be indirectly responsible for the stimulation of recombination. Here we provide genetic and molecular evidence for a(More)
The SDHD gene encodes one of the two membrane-anchoring proteins of the succinate dehydrogenase (complex II) of the mitochondrial electron transport chain. This gene has recently been proposed to be involved in oxygen sensing because mutations that cause loss of its function produce hereditary familiar paraganglioma, a tumor of the carotid body (CB), the(More)
Mutations in mitochondrial complex II (MCII; succinate dehydrogenase, Sdh) genes cause familiar pheochromocytoma/paraganglioma tumors. Several mechanisms have been proposed to account for Sdh-mutation-induced tumorigenesis, the most accepted of which is based on the constitutive expression of the hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (Hif1α) at normal oxygen tension,(More)