José Iborra

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Microorganisms produce and accumulate compatible solutes aiming at protecting themselves from environmental stresses. Among them, the wide spread in nature ectoines are receiving increasing attention by the scientific community because of their multiple applications. In fact, increasing commercial demand has led to a multiplication of efforts in order to(More)
BACKGROUND Acetate metabolism in Escherichia coli plays an important role in the control of the central metabolism and in bioprocess performance. The main problems related to the use of E. coli as cellular factory are i) the deficient utilization of carbon source due to the excretion of acetate during aerobic growth, ii) the inhibition of cellular growth(More)
The aim of this work was to understand the steps controlling the process of biotransformation of trimethylamonium compounds into L(-)-carnitine by Escherichia coli and the link between the central carbon or primary and the secondary metabolism expressed. Thus, the enzyme activities involved in the biotransformation process of crotonobetaine into(More)
The use of the p-nitrophenyl-alpha-L-rhamnopyranoside for the specific measurement of the alpha-rhamnosidase activity of naringinase, by colorimetrically following the appearance of p-nitrophenolate anion, is proposed. Use of this synthetic substrate did not change the pH, temperature, or ionic strength optima of the enzyme. It did, however, result in (a) a(More)
The stability of alpha-chymotrypsin in the ionic liquid, 1-ethyl-3-methyl-imidizolium bis[(trifluoromethyl)sulfonyl]amide ([emim][NTf2]), was studied at 30 and 50 degrees C and compared with the stability in other liquid media, such as water, 3 M sorbitol, and 1-propanol. The kinetic analysis of the enzyme stability pointed to the clear denaturative effect(More)
L(-)-carnitine was produced from D(+)-carnitine by resting cells of Escherichia coli O44 K74. Oxygen did not inhibit either the carnitine transport system or the enzymes involved in the biotransformation process. Aerobic conditions led to higher product yield than anaerobic conditions. The biotransformation yield depended both on biomass and initial(More)
This paper describes the design and construction of a Haskell source-level debugger built into the GHCi interactive environment. We have taken a pragmatic approach: the debugger is based on the traditional stop-examine-continue model of online debugging, which is simple and intuitive, but has traditionally been shunned in the context of Haskell because it(More)
Frog epidermis tyrosinase has been immobilized on Enzacryl-AA (a polyacrylamide-based support) and CPG(zirclad)-Arylamine (a controlled pore glass support) in order to stabilize the tyrosine hydroxylase activity of the enzyme; in this way, the immobilized enzyme could be used to synthesize L-dopa from L-tyrosine. The activity immobilization yield Y(IME)(More)
Two different water-immiscible ionic liquids (ILs), 1-ethyl-3-methylimidizolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide and butyltrimethylammonium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide, were used for butyl butyrate synthesis from vinyl butyrate catalyzed by Candida antarctica lipase B (CALB) at 2% (v/v) water content and 50 degrees C. Both the synthetic activity and(More)
Impairment of acetate production in Escherichia coli is crucial for the performance of many biotechnological processes. Aerobic production of acetate (or acetate overflow) results from changes in the expression of central metabolism genes. Acetyl−CoA synthetase scavenges extracellular acetate in glucose-limited cultures. Once converted to acetyl−CoA, it can(More)