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We have previously shown that familial septo-optic dysplasia (SOD), a syndromic form of congenital hypopituitarism involving optic nerve hypoplasia and agenesis of midline brain structures, is associated with homozygosity for an inactivating mutation in the homeobox gene HESX1/Hesx1 in man and mouse. However, as most SOD/congenital hypopituitarism occurs(More)
BACKGROUND ARX is a paired-type homeobox gene located on the X chromosome that contains five exons with four polyalanine (PolyA) tracts, a homeodomain, and a conserved C-terminal aristaless domain. Studies in humans have demonstrated remarkable pleiotropy: malformation phenotypes are associated with protein truncation mutations and missense mutations in the(More)
Persistent infections with human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV16), HPV18, or HPV31 are necessary for the development of cervical cancer, implying that HPVs have evolved immunoevasive mechanisms. Recent global transcriptome analyses indicated that these HPV types downregulate the constitutive expression of interferon (IFN)-stimulated genes (ISGs), but the(More)
We report the occurrence of Hunter disease (mucopolysaccharidosis type II) in a karyotypically normal girl who was one of identical twins. Molecular studies showed nonrandom X-inactivation in both her fibroblasts and lymphocytes, while her normal twin showed equal usage of both X chromosomes. In view of previous reports of 7 pairs of identical female twins(More)
DNA clones encoding the 3 mouse neurofilament (NF) genes have been isolated by cross-hybridization with a previously described NF-L cDNA probe from the rat. Screening of a lambda gt10 cDNA library prepared from mouse brain RNA led to the cloning of an NF-L cDNA of 2.0 kb that spans the entire coding region of 541 amino acids and of an NF-M cDNA that covers(More)
We have introduced the human fetal gamma- and adult beta-globin genes into the germ line of mice. Analysis of the resulting transgenic mice shows that the human gamma-globin gene is expressed like an embryonic mouse globin gene; the human beta-globin gene is expressed (as previously shown) like an adult mouse globin gene. These results imply that the(More)
We have studied the effect of DNA methylation on human gamma-globin gene expression, using a novel in vitro DNA methylation technique. With this method we have methylated specific segments of the gamma-globin gene and its 5'-flanking region, which were cloned for this purpose in the bacteriophage vector M13mp8. The vitro methylated DNA was introduced into(More)
We have isolated the gene coding for human Thy-1. Introduction of this gene into HeLa cells by DNA-mediated transfer results in the expression of Thy-1 antigen on the cell surface. Chromosomal mapping of the Thy-1 gene by hybridization to metaphase chromosomes and Southern blots of DNA from hybrid cells indicate that the Thy-1 gene is located on the long(More)
The human beta-globin dominant control region (DCR) which flanks the multigene beta-globin locus directs high level, site of integration independent, copy number dependent expression on a linked human beta-globin gene in transgenic mice and stably transfected mouse erythroleukemia (MEL) cells. We have assayed each of the individual DNaseI hypersensitive(More)
The GI-101 human breast tumour xenograft line is unique in that it spontaneously metastasizes to the lungs of athymic murine hosts from subcutaneous trochar implants. Both tumour and lung metastases are positive for normal human breast tissue markers. GI-101 also is positive for the p53 antigen but negative for the c-erbB-2 oncogene.