José Henrique Leal-Cardoso

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The present work studied the effects of the essential oil of Pterodon polygalaeflorus (EOPP), a plant used to treat bronchitis and amigdalytis, on rat airway smooth muscle in vitro. In Ca(2+)-containing medium, EOPP (100-1300 microg/ml) inhibited preferentially high KCl- than 5-HT-induced muscle contractions in a concentration-dependent fashion, but did(More)
Linalool is a terpene that occurs as a major constituent of essential oils of many plants of widespread distribution. It possesses several biological and pharmacological activities, including depressant effects on the central nervous system and olfactory receptors. The present study investigated whether linalool affects the excitability of peripheral(More)
The monoterpenoid carvacrol (1) is present in many essential oils of plants and has attracted attention because of its beneficial biological activities, especially analgesic activity. However, the mechanism of action of 1 remains unknown. The present study aimed to explore the mechanisms whereby 1 produces its effects on the peripheral nervous system.(More)
Previously, we reported that essential oil of Croton nepetaefolius (EOCN) decreases blood pressure in normotensive rats, an effect that seems resulting from its vasodilatory action directly upon vascular smooth muscle. In the present study, we aimed to study the role of endothelium-nitric oxide pathway in the mediation of vasodilatory effects of EOCN and(More)
Plants high in eugenol, a phenylpropanoid compound, are used as folk medicines to alleviate diseases including hypertension. Eugenol has been demonstrated to relax conduit and ear arteries and reduce systemic blood pressure, but mechanisms involved are unclear. Here, we studied eugenol regulation of resistance-size cerebral arteries that control regional(More)
The present study investigated the hypotensive responses to intravenous (i.v.) treatment with the essential oil of Alpinia zerumbet (EOAZ) and its main constituent, terpinen-4-ol (Trp-4-ol), in the experimental model of deoxycorticosterone-acetate (DOCA)-salt hypertensive rat. In both DOCA-salt hypertensive and uninephrectomized, normotensive rats, i.v.(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY RELEVANCE Croton zehntneri is a Euphorbiaceae species native to northeastern Brazil, where teas and beverages made from Croton zehntneri leaves are used as healing agents. To our knowledge, there is no experimental study supporting this claim of pharmacological activity. MATERIALS AND METHODS Full-thickness excisional wounds were made in(More)
The effects of the essential oil of Croton nepetaefolius (EOCN) on isolated guinea-pig trachea were investigated. EOCN decreased the preparation's basal tone (EC (50) = 4.3 microg/mL) with a maximal effect similar to that of aminophylline. EOCN fully relaxed preparations pre-contracted with 60 mM K+ (IC (50) = 113.0 microg/mL). EOCN did not alter the E (m)(More)
We investigated the influence of the phase of the estrous cycle on mechanical responses elicited in sheep cervix by potassium chloride (KCl), acetylcholine chloride (ACh), prostaglandin F2 alpha (PGF2 alpha) and prostaglandin E1 (PGE1). The cervix of adult ewes (n = 48) were classified according to the presence or absence of corpora lutea (luteal or(More)
Vasorelaxant effects of essential oil of Alpinia zerumbet (EOAZ) and its main constituent, 1,8-cineole (CIN) were studied. In rat isolated aorta preparations with intact endothelium, EOAZ (0.01-3000 microg/ml) induced significant but incomplete relaxation of the phenylephrine-induced contraction, an effect that was abolished by removal of vascular(More)