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Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder, which is probably caused by the cytotoxic effect of the amyloid beta-peptide (Abeta). We report here molecular changes induced by Abeta, both in neuronal cells in culture and in rats injected in the dorsal hippocampus with preformed Abeta fibrils, as an in vivo model of the disease.(More)
The secretory pole of vertebrate oxyntic cells possesses two distinct membrane systems: the apical plasma membrane which presents numerous infoldings, microvilli and processes, and a complex tubulovesicular system located in close proximity to the plasma membrane. These two membrane systems are generally believed to be interconvertible in relation to the(More)
The fine structure of the rat parietal cell was studied, both at rest and after stimulation by refeeding or insulin administration. Experiments on fixation procedures showed that whenever the fixative contained sucrose at a concentration higher than 0.2 M, the system of cytoplasmic membranes was clearly tubular in arrangement, whereas the omission of(More)
The major protein constituent of amyloid deposits in Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the amyloid beta-peptide (Abeta). In the present work, we have determined the effect of hyperforin an acylphloroglucinol compound isolated from Hypericum perforatum (St John's Wort), on Abeta-induced spatial memory impairments and on Abeta neurotoxicity. We report here that(More)
A monoclonal antibody (mAb) 25B1 directed against fetal bovine-serum acetylcholinesterase (FBS AChE) was used to examine the ability of the cholinergic enzyme to promote the assembly of amyloid-beta peptides (A beta) into Alzheimerś fibrils. This mAb binds to the peripheral anionic site of the enzyme and allosterically inhibits catalytic activity of FBS(More)
The effects of the expression of the Na+/H+ exchanger regulatory factor-1 (NHERF1) on the distribution, dynamics, and signaling properties of the PTH type 1 receptor (PTH1R) were studied in rat osteosarcoma cells ROS 17/2.8. NHERF1 had a dramatic effect on the subcellular distribution of PTH1R, promoting a substantial relocation of the receptor to regions(More)
Heparan sulfate and heparin, two sulfated glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), extracted collagen-tailed acetylcholinesterase (AChE) from the extracellular matrix (ECM) of the electric organ of Discopyge tschudii. The effect of heparan sulfate and heparin was abolished by protamine; other GAGs could not extract the esterase. The solubilization of the asymmetric AChE(More)
Acetylcholinesterase (AChE), an enzyme involved in the hydrolysis of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine, consistently colocalizes with the amyloid deposits characteristic of Alzheimer's disease and may contribute to the generation of amyloid proteins and/or physically affect fibril assembly. In order to identify the structural domains of the(More)