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The hepatitis C virus (HCV) internal ribosome entry site (IRES) is recognized specifically by the small ribosomal subunit and eukaryotic initiation factor 3 (eIF3) before viral translation initiation. Using extensive mutagenesis and structure probing analysis, we show that the eIF3-binding domain of the HCV IRES contains an internal loop structure (loop(More)
Researchers' increasing awareness of the essential role played by RNA in many biological processes and in the progression of disease makes the discovery of new RNA targets an emerging field in drug discovery. Since most existing pharmacologically active compounds bind proteins, RNA provides nearly untapped opportunities for pharmacological development. The(More)
In order to assess the role of continuous intracerebral infusion of GABA over the propagation of generalized seizures from the amygdala, Wistar rats were subjected to a kindling procedure at the left basolateral amygdala. Subsequently, they were implanted with miniosmotic pumps filled with 100mg/mL of GABA in saline, connected to catheters whose tips were(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore the effect of continuous intra-amygdalar infusion of GABA in the amygdala kindling model of epilepsy in rat. METHODS An electrode and cannula complex was implanted in adult male Wistar rats, the electrode being targeted to the left basolateral amygdala. The animals were subjected to a standard kindling procedure. Osmotic minipumps(More)
A means to avoid the pharmacokinetic problems affecting the anti-epileptic drugs may be their direct intracerebroventricular (ICV) or intracerebral delivery. This approach may achieve a greater drug concentration at the epileptogenic area while minimizing it in other brain or systemic areas, and thus it could be an interesting therapeutic alternative in(More)
Hydrophobic base analogues (HBAs) have shown great promise for the expansion of the chemical and coding potential of nucleic acids but are generally poor polymerase substrates. While extensive synthetic efforts have yielded examples of HBAs with favorable substrate properties, their discovery has remained challenging. Here we describe a complementary(More)
PURPOSE We aim to analyse the relationship between the quality of information during the decision-making process regarding surgery to treat high-grade gliomas and the level of anxiety of the patients. METHODS This is a transversal, descriptive and correlational study on 26 patients with a clinical and radiological diagnosis of high-grade glioma. They(More)
The leader RNA sequence of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) consists of a complex series of stem loop structures that are critical for viral replication. Three-dimensional structural analysis by NMR of one of these structures, the SL1 stem loop of the packaging signal region, revealed a highly conserved purine rich loop with a structure nearly(More)
Three-way junction RNAs adopt a recurrent Y shape when two of the helices form a coaxial stack and the third helix establishes one or more tertiary contacts several base pairs away from the junction. In this review, the structure, distribution, and functional relevance of these motifs are examined. Structurally, the folds exhibit conserved junction(More)
The hepatitis C virus (HCV) is the main causative agent of non-A, non-B hepatitis in humans and a major cause of mortality and morbidity in the world. Currently there is no effective treatment available for the infection caused by this virus, whose replication depends on an unusual translation-initiation mechanism. The viral RNA contains an internal(More)