José G. Castaño

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An expansion of polyglutamines in the N terminus of huntingtin causes Huntington's disease (HD) and results in the accrual of mutant protein in the nucleus and cytoplasm of affected neurons. How mutant huntingtin causes neurons to die is unclear, but some recent observations suggest that an autophagic process may occur. We showed previously that huntingtin(More)
Nuclear bodies represent a heterogeneous class of nuclear structures. Herein, we describe that a subset of nuclear bodies is highly enriched in components of the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway of proteolysis. We coined the term clastosome (from the Greek klastos, broken and soma, body) to refer to this type of nuclear body. Clastosomes contain a high(More)
Two 29 kDa subunits of the multicatalytic proteinase (proteasome) complex, the C8 and C9 components, are phosphorylated in vivo and can be phosphorylated in vitro by casein kinase II (CKII). The major phosphate acceptor is the C8 subunit being phosphorylated in serine, both in vivo and in vitro. The phosphopeptides generated by Glu-C endoprotease digestion(More)
Huntington's disease (HD) inclusions are stained with anti-ubiquitin and anti-proteasome antibodies. This, together with proteasome activity studies on transfected cells, suggest that an impairment of the ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) may be key in HD pathogenesis. To test whether proteasome activity is impaired in vivo, we performed enzymatic assays(More)
GRK2 is a ubiquitous member of the G protein-coupled receptor kinase (GRK) family and has been shown to play a key role in determining the desensitization and resensitization patterns of a variety of G protein-coupled receptors. In this report, we show that GRK2 is actively degraded by the proteasome proteolytic pathway, unveiling a new mechanism for the(More)
IkappaBalpha regulates activation of the transcription factor NF-kappaB. NF-kappaB is activated in response to several stimuli, i.e. proinflamatory cytokines, infections, and physical stress. This signal dependent pathway involves IkappaBalpha phosphorylation, ubiquitylation, and degradation by 26S proteasome. A signal independent (basal) turnover of(More)
The mouse cDNA homologues of the rat C2, C9, and C5 subunits of the multicatalytic proteinase have been cloned and expressed in bacteria. The respective recombinant proteins were purified and used to produce specific anti-subunit antibodies. Immunoblotting of two-dimensional gels of purified rat liver multicatalytic proteinase showed that the C2 (32-kDa)(More)
Inclusion body myositis (IBM) and myofibrillar myopathy (MM) are diseases characterized by the abnormal accumulation of proteins in muscle fibers, including desmin, alphaB-crystallin, gelsolin, actin, kinases, and phospho-tau, along with ubiquitin in muscle fibers, suggesting abnormal protein degradation as a possible cause of the surplus myopathy. Since(More)
Sera from patients with systemic lupus erythematosus contain specific autoantibodies directed against different polypeptide components of the multicatalytic proteinase (also known as proteasome or prosome). These human autoantibodies, in contrast to polyclonal antibodies obtained in rabbits against the purified enzyme, recognize highly conserved epitopes of(More)
Multiple sclerosis seems to be an autoimmune disease of unknown aetiology affecting the white matter of the CNS. It is generally accepted that the autoimmune response is directed against specific components of myelin. We show here that proteasome, a ubiquitous protease complex composed of 14 different subunits, is a target for autoantibodies (IgG and IgM(More)